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Pinus contorta (Shore Pine)

Lodgepole Pine, Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted-Branch Pine

Pinus contorta, Lodgepole Pine,  Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted-Branch Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,
Pinus contorta, Lodgepole Pine,  Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted-Branch Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,
Pinus contorta, Lodgepole Pine,  Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted-Branch Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,
Pinus contorta, Lodgepole Pine,  Beach Pine, Shore Pine, Twisted-Branch Pine, Evergreen Conifer, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree,

Pinus contorta (Shore Pine) is a medium to large, conical or domed, intricately branched, evergreen conifer. In coastal plantings, it is often sculpted by the wind and quite picturesque. Stiff and often twisted, the yellow-green to dark green needles, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), are borne in pairs and persist 3 to 8 years on the tree. The conical to ovoid seed cones, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), are lustrous tan to pale red-brown and may never open since sealed with resin. Borne in pairs or clusters, they are twisted at the base and tend to point backwards. Their scales are noted for having a sharp prickle at their tips. The bark is orange to reddish-brown, thin and scaly. Fast-growing, Shore Pine tolerates salt spray, high winds and sterile dune soils. Perfect for the seaside landscape, it can make admirable bonsai specimens.

  • Grows up to 20-35 ft. tall and wide (6-10 m).
  • Performs best in full sun in acid or neutral, well-drained soils.
  • No pruning required.
  • Keep an eye out for adelgids, aphids, sawflies, pine shoot moth and pine needle cast.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native from the coast of Alaska along the Pacific to northern California.

Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 8
Heat Zones 6 - 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Shore Pine, Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Beach Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 35'
(6.1m - 10.7m)
Spread 20' - 35'
(6.1m - 10.7m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Alaska, Rocky Mountains, Midwest, California, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Montana
Tolerance Salt
Garden Styles Japanese Garden, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Pinus eldarica (Afghan Pine)
Pinus edulis (Pinyon Pine)
Pinus strobus ‘Contorta’ (Eastern White Pine)
Pinus sabiniana (California Foothill Pine)
Pinus pungens (Table Mountain Pine)
Pinus rigida (Pitch Pine)

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 6 - 8
Heat Zones 6 - 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A3
Plant Type Conifers, Trees
Plant Family Pinaceae
Genus Pinus
Common names Shore Pine, Pine, Lodgepole Pine, Beach Pine
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' - 35'
(6.1m - 10.7m)
Spread 20' - 35'
(6.1m - 10.7m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Alaska, Rocky Mountains, Midwest, California, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Montana
Tolerance Salt
Garden Styles Japanese Garden, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Pinus (Pine)
Not sure which Pinus (Pine) to pick?
Compare Now

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