Alphabetical Plant Listing

Veronica beccabunga (European Brooklime)

European Brooklime, Water Pimpernel, Becky Leaves, Cow Cress, Horse Cress


Veronica beccabunga (European Brooklime) is a marginal, aquatic, evergreen perennial forming a brightly colored mat of short, erect spikes of small, bright blue flowers with a white eye in late spring to late summer. The foliage of rounded, slightly toothed, fleshy leaves displays great crimson color in the fall. This emergent perennial herb produces horizontal or ascending, succulent, hollow stems that creep along the ground and root at the nodes. Veronica beccabunga is grown as an ornamental plant for butterfly and water gardens. The leaves were once cultivated as an edible, bitter green.

  • Grows up to 4 in. tall (10 cm) and spreads indefinitely by creeping stems. If the foliage mat becomes too vigorous, it may be pruned to desirable proportions.
  • Performs best in full sun, in permanently wet soil or in water up to 4 in. deep (10 cm).
  • Perfect choice for bog gardens, water gardens, ponds and wildlife gardens.
  • Easy to grow, this plant requires little care and is fairly pest and disease-free.
  • No pruning needed, except to keep within bounds.
  • Propagate by division or by stem-tip cuttings.
  • Native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia.
  • Find where Veronica beccabunga is invasive in the U.S.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 11
Heat Zones 5 – 12
Plant Type Aquatic Plants
Plant Family Veronica - Speedwells
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2" – 4" (5cm – 10cm)
Spread 5' – 8' (150cm – 240cm)
Water Needs High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Bog Gardens, Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

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Hennadii_Havrylko, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 11
Heat Zones 5 – 12
Plant Type Aquatic Plants
Plant Family Veronica - Speedwells
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2" – 4" (5cm – 10cm)
Spread 5' – 8' (150cm – 240cm)
Water Needs High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Poorly Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United Kingdom
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Bog Gardens, Ponds and Streams, Rain Gardens, Water Gardens

Guides with Veronica - Speedwells

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