Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola canadensis (Canadian Violet)

Canadian Violet, Canada Violet, Hens, Tall White Violet, Canadian White Violet


Viola canadensis (Canadian Violet) is a clump-forming perennial boasting fragrant flowers adorned with 5 white petals which can have a purple tinge on their back, particularly the upper two petals. The petals are distinctly yellow at the base and the lower petals feature purple veins serving as nectar guides. Blooming from summer to fall (depending on geographic location), they are borne solitary on short, naked stalks, which arise from the upper leaf axils, and hang and face outward. They rise just above the foliage of dark green leaves, 2-4 in. long (5-10 cm), which is heart-shaped and finely toothed. Perfect for the shade garden, Canadian Violet is at home in woodland gardens, wildflower gardens or naturalized areas.

  • Grows up to 12-18 in. tall and wide (30-45 cm). This plant freely self-seeds, sometimes aggressively, and can form large, dense colonies.
  • A part shade lover, it is best grown in fertile, moist, well-drained soils. Prefers dappled sunlight to light shade during the spring, but tolerates greater shade during the summer.
  • Deer resistant, it is generally pest and disease free.
  • Propagation is by seed or division of plants with off-shoots.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

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Dana Henry Photography, FarbaKolerova, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 12" – 18" (30cm – 45cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Viola - Violets

Guides with Viola - Violets

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