Create Your Garden

Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria)

American Wisteria, Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria, Kraunhia frutescens, Kraunhia macrostachya, Wisteria frutescens var. macrostachya, Wisteria macrostachya

Wisteria frutescens, American Wisteria,  Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria, Kraunhia frutescens, Kraunhia macrostachya, Wisteria frutescens var. macrostachya, Wisteria macrostachya

A lovely, aromatic Wisteria, Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria) is a strong-growing climber with twining stems of great beauty. It produces masses of large drooping clusters, 6 in. long (15 cm), packed with fragrant, pea-like, lilac-purple flowers tipped. Blooming from the base of each cluster to the tip, they appear in late spring or early summer after the leaves emerge. The flowers are followed by attractive, bean-like pods, 5 in. long (12 cm), which ripen in summer and may persist into winter. Equally attractive is the dense foliage of shiny, dark green, pinnate leaves which consist of 9-15 lance-shaped leaflets. American Wisteria is less aggressive and less damaging to buildings than Wisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) or Wisteria floribunda (Japanese Wisteria).

  • Grows vigorously up to 15-30 ft. tall (4-9 m) and 4-8 ft. wide (120-240 cm). It climbs by twining counterclockwise (from right to left around the axis).
  • Thrives in full sun, in moderately fertile, slightly acidic, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerates seasonal flooding.
  • Can be grown against a house wall, arbors, pergolas, trellises, fences. It must be sited and trained on sturdy structures which will be able to support the heavy weight of the mature Wisteria. Grow this plant around patios where the flowers can be enjoyed.
  • Susceptible to foliage-chewing insects and fungal diseases, but none are significant. Deer resistant
  • Needs regular pruning in order to control size and shape of the plant and to promote flowering.
  • Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings.
  • Plants dislike being transplanted.
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to the Eastern United States.

Wisteria: Plant Care and Growing Guide


Want to learn how to grow and care for wisteria like a pro? Follow these simple steps and enjoy the beauty of this striking plant

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Leguminosae
Genus Wisteria
Common names American Wisteria, Wisteria
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Midwest, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls And Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Wisteria
Guides with
Wisteria
Not sure which Wisteria to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Wisteria floribunda (Japanese Wisteria)
Wisteria floribunda ‘Lawrence’ (Japanese Wisteria)
Wisteria brachybotrys ‘Murasaki-Kapitan’ (Silky Wisteria)
Wisteria floribunda ‘Geisha’ (Japanese Wisteria)
Wisteria brachybotrys ‘Shiro-Kapitan’ (Silky Wisteria)
Wisteria floribunda ‘Royal Purple’ (Japanese Wisteria)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

Great Climbers and Vines for Mediterranean Gardens in Cool Countries
How To Choose The Right Wisteria
Most Fragrant Wisteria
Wisteria with Dramatic Flower Clusters
Favorite Wisteria Varieties
Wisteria Varieties for Small Gardens
Wisteria with Attractive Fall Foliage
Wisteria with Remarkable Flower Colors
Best Wisteria for Pergolas
Best Wisteria for Walls
Wisteria: Plant Care and Growing Guide
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 9
Heat Zones 5 - 9
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Leguminosae
Genus Wisteria
Common names American Wisteria, Wisteria
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 4' - 8'
(120cm - 240cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Midwest, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Southeast, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls And Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Wisteria
Guides with
Wisteria
Not sure which Wisteria to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone