Alphabetical Plant Listing

Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria)

American Wisteria, Texas Wisteria, Kentucky Wisteria, Kraunhia frutescens, Kraunhia macrostachya, Wisteria frutescens var. macrostachya, Wisteria macrostachya


A lovely, aromatic Wisteria, Wisteria frutescens (American Wisteria) is a strong-growing climber with twining stems of great beauty. It produces masses of large drooping clusters, 6 in. long (15 cm), packed with fragrant, pea-like, lilac-purple flowers tipped. Blooming from the base of each cluster to the tip, they appear in late spring or early summer after the leaves emerge. The flowers are followed by attractive, bean-like pods, 5 in. long (12 cm), which ripen in summer and may persist into winter. Equally attractive is the dense foliage of shiny, dark green, pinnate leaves which consist of 9-15 lance-shaped leaflets. American Wisteria is less aggressive and less damaging to buildings than Wisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) or Wisteria floribunda (Japanese Wisteria).

  • Grows vigorously up to 15-30 ft. tall (4-9 m) and 4-8 ft. wide (120-240 cm). It climbs by twining counterclockwise (from right to left around the axis).
  • Thrives in full sun, in moderately fertile, slightly acidic, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerates seasonal flooding.
  • Can be grown against a house wall, arbors, pergolas, trellises, fences. It must be sited and trained on sturdy structures which will be able to support the heavy weight of the mature Wisteria. Grow this plant around patios where the flowers can be enjoyed.
  • Susceptible to foliage-chewing insects and fungal diseases, but none are significant. Deer resistant
  • Needs regular pruning in order to control size and shape of the plant and to promote flowering.
  • Propagate by seed, softwood cuttings.
  • Plants dislike being transplanted.
  • All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.
  • Native to the Eastern United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Wisteria
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

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 MaryAnne Campbell, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Heat Zones 5 – 9
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Wisteria
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' – 30' (4.5m – 9m)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Wisteria

Guides with Wisteria

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