Alphabetical Plant Listing

Hosta (Plantain Lily)

Plantain Lily, Funkia (Hosta)


Ridiculously easy-to-grow and long-lived, Hostas (Plantain Lilies) are shade-loving perennials that are highly prized by gardeners for their elegance and attractive foliage. Native to eastern Asia, these low-maintenance foliage plants are fabulous for shady areas and combine beautifully with other shade perennials such as Astilbe, Dicentra spectabilis (Bleeding Heart), Ferns, Tiarella (Foam Flower) or Hydrangea.

  • The world of Hostas is incredibly rich in terms of size, color, texture, leave shape. There are thousands of Hosta cultivars available reflecting their immense popularity with gardeners, and new varieties are legion. There is surely a Hosta to suit your garden or landscape situation!
  • Foliage colors range from chartreuse to deep emerald green, greenish gold, gray and blue, with many stunning variegated Hostas whose color vary with soil type and climate. Leaves may be puckered, wavy-edged, heart-shaped, lance-shaped, glossy or dull.
  • Growing from 6 inches to 3 feet tall (15 - 90 cm), the attractive foliage is topped in early - midsummer with taller funnel-shaped or flared flowers, in shades of white, lavender or purple. Some flowers are even sweetly fragrant.
  • Part shade to full shade lovers, Hostas are best grown in richmoistwell-drained soils. Some are sun tolerant with adequate moisture. These plants are not fussy about soils and tolerate a wide range of conditions.
  • Quite versatile, Hostas are perfect for shade gardens, mixed with other perennials in beds and borders, as groundcoveredgingunderplanting shrubs or in containers.
  • Watch for slugs and snails which could damage the attractive foliage.
  • Cut off the stems after blooming to encourage the plant's growth. Discolored leaves should be trimmed back to the ground.
  • Divide plants every 3 to 4 years as new growth begins in the spring, lifting plants and dividing them into clumps.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 2 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Hosta - Plantain Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring
Summer
Fall
Height 6" - 3' (15cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 4' (30cm - 120cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Drought
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

maxaltamor / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 2 - 8
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Hosta - Plantain Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring
Summer
Fall
Height 6" - 3' (15cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 4' (30cm - 120cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Drought
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden
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