Alphabetical Plant Listing

Galax urceolata (Beetleweed)

Beetleweed, Galax, Coltsfoot, Wand Flower, Galax aphylla


Galax urceolata (Beetleweed) is an evergreen perennial or subshrub which spreads via underground rhizomes to form a dense carpet of heart-shaped, thick, shiny green leaves, 2-5 in. wide (5-12 cm). Held on long petioles, the attractive leaves turn bronze to deep red in winter. They are popular background foliage in flower arrangements. Dense feathery spikes of white flowers borne on naked stalks rise above the foliage  in late spring to early summer. This attractive southern wildflower is an excellent ground cover for damp and shady areas. It performs well in cool, moist sites with partial shade and acidic soil with rich organic content.

  • Grows up to 6-12 in. tall (15-30 cm) and 12 in. wide (30 cm). Will spread to form colonies.
  • A part shade to full shade lover, it is best grown in acidic, organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils.
  • Perfect for the shade gardens, as a groundcover or underplanting shrubs. Great for banks and slopes, woodland gardens.
  • A hardy, low-maintenance and forgiving perennial.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by fresh seed, cuttings in summer, or root division in spring.
  • Native to the Southeastern United States, expanding northward and into the Midwest.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Tim Mainiero, Shutterstock, DM, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Plant Type Perennials
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 1' (15cm – 30cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 12" (30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Ohio, Northeast, Maryland, New York, Southeast, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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