Alphabetical Plant Listing

Lilium philadelphicum (Wood Lily)

Wood Lily, Northern Red Lily, Red Lily, Species & Cultivars of Species Group


One of the most widely distributed lilies in North America, Lilium philadelphicum (Wood Lily) is a perennial wildflower with flamboyant, brilliant red-orange flowers, up to 1-3 in. wide (2-7cm). Blooming in mid to late summer for up to 5 weeks, the blossoms are elegantly spotted with purplish-brown freckles. Unlike most Lily species which favor pendant blossoms to protect their pollen supplies, Wood Lily features upward-facing flowers, seeking to attract passing hummingbirds and butterflies to help with pollination. There are usually 1-4 flowers per plant. They are borne atop an unbranched stem clad with whorls of 3-6 narrow leaves, 1-3 in. long (2-7 cm). Cross-pollination is necessary for wood lilies to produce seed, so if seed is desired, plant several bulbs. Easy to grow and low care, Wood Lily comes back year after year. It works well in a garden meadow, along woodland edges, and constitutes an excellent border plant, providing striking color and contrast to grasses or perennials. Victim of its beauty, Wood Lily is too often picked by visitors and it tends to disappear quickly from intensively grazed meadowland.

  • Grows up to 18-36 in. tall (45-90 cm) and 9-12 in. wide (22-30 cm.
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in sandy to loam, moist (occasionally dry), well-drained soils. Full sun is best for flowering.
  • Great for butterfly gardens, prairies and meadows, cottage gardens, native plant gardens.
  • Bulbs may require protection from rodents as Wood Lily is quite popular with rabbits and deer.
  • Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection will usually germinate in the fall and overwinter.
  • Toxic to cats (though not for dogs or any known species)
  • This Lily is a member of the Species and cultivars of species Division (IX) which includes all species and their subspecies, varieties and forms, and cultivars selected therefrom (excluding those derived from formosanum, longiflorum, philippinense and wallichianum). There are 9 different types of lilies classified by the Royal Horticultural Society. And they are all real eye-catchers!
  • Native from the east coast to the midwest of North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Lilium - Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 9" – 1' (22cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Brian Lasenby, MelToppi, Shutterstock, USFWS Mountain-Prairie, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 7
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Lilium - Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 9" – 1' (22cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, New Mexico, Texas
Attracts Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Lilium - Lilies

Guides with Lilium - Lilies

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