Alphabetical Plant Listing

Penstemon pinifolius (Pine-needle Beardtongue)

Pine-needle Penstemon, Pine-needle Beardtongue


A long-lived western native, award-winning Penstemon pinifolius (Pine-needle Beardtongue) is a spreading evergreen dwarf shrub forming a dense tussock of fresh green needle-like leaves on upright to gently arching stems. Blooming for many weeks in late spring through the summer, bright tubular red-orange flowers, 1 in. long (2.5cm) are borne in short erect racemes. They attract scores of hummingbirds, butterflies and other beneficial pollinators. The attractive habit, evergreen foliage and long-lasting blossoms make Penstemon pinifolius ideal as an edge or foreground plant. Great for rock gardens.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society
  • Grows up to 10-12 in. tall (25-30 cm) and 12-18 in. wide (30-45 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun in sandy, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established. Dislikes damp conditions and needs excellent drainage. Protect with a dry winter mulch in frost prone areas.
  • Provides a bold and striking impact in beds and borders, city gardens, coastal gardens, cottage gardens, rock gardens or in containers. Plant in bold groupings.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, powdery mildews. Rabbit resistant.
  • Propagate by seed in late winter or spring: sow seeds at 55-64°F (13-18°C). Take softwood cuttings in early summer or semi-ripe cuttings in midsummer.
  • Unless seed is needed, deadheading will promote reblooming and more vigorous growth.
  • Native to southern New Mexico and Arizona.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 10
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Penstemon - Beardtongues
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Rabbit, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 10
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Penstemon - Beardtongues
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spacing 18" (45cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Plant of Merit, Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southwest, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Drought, Rabbit, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Penstemon - Beardtongues

Guides with Penstemon - Beardtongues

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