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Rosa carolina (Carolina Rose)

Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose

Rosa carolina, Carolina Rose, Pasture Rose, Shrub Roses, Pink roses, Hardy roses

Rosa carolina (Carolina Rose) is a deciduous, suckering shrub with attractive, smooth, dark-green, compound leaves that turn deep red in the fall. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of fragrant, 5-petaled, pink flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), are on display. Borne singly or in small clusters, they are rich in nectar, attracting bees and butterflies. They are followed by abundant, red rose hips in late summer, which persist on the plant all winter, providing food for wildlife. High in vitamin C, they can be used for making tea or jelly. Carolina Rose is usually an erect shrub, but taller plants tend to sprawl. It features narrow straight spines that are sparsely distributed along its woody stems. Carolina Rose is more resistant to foliar disease than most horticultural roses and tolerates hot dry weather. It is a lovely addition to a wildlife garden.

  • Grows up to 3-6 ft. tall (90-180 cm) and 5-10 ft. wide (150-300 cm). This plant will spread by suckers to form small colonies.
  • Best grown in full sun in dry to wet-mesic, well-drained soils. Tolerates part shade, but the best flowering occurs in full sun. Provide good air circulation to prevent foliar diseases and summer mulch to retain moisture and keep roots cool. This plant has considerable resistance to drought.
  • Perfect for cottage gardens, wildflower meadows, and native plant gardens.
  • This rose species rose has a better natural resistance to rose diseases than most hybrid roses. Keep an eye out for aphids, beetles, borers, scale, thrips, rose midges, leafhoppers, and spider mites.
  • Once established, the plants require no special care and spread slowly.
  • Prune in late winter to early spring.
  • Propagated by seed, cuttings or stolon division.
  • Native to the eastern and central United States, from Maine to Minnesota and in the south from Florida to Texas.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Rosa, Rosa - Shrub Rose
Common names Rose, Carolina Rose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Fall
Height 3' - 6'
(90cm - 180cm)
Spread 5' - 10'
(150cm - 3m)
Spacing 60" - 120"
(150cm - 3m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Wisconsin, Ohio, Missouri, Nebraska, Midwest, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Rosa chinensis ‘Old Blush’ (Monthly Rose)
Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’ (Rugosa Rose)
Rosa rugosa ‘Purple Pavement’ (Rugosa Rose)
Rosa Stormy Weather (Climbing Rose)
Rosa Enchanted Peace™ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
Rosa Pinkerbelle™ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
View All Our Rosa

Recommended Companion Plants

Symphyotrichum laeve (Smooth Aster)
Fragaria vesca (Wild Strawberry)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Sporobolus heterolepis (Prairie Dropseed)
Monarda fistulosa (Wild Bergamot)
Ratibida pinnata (Yellow Coneflower)

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Rosa, Rosa - Shrub Rose
Common names Rose, Carolina Rose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Fall
Height 3' - 6'
(90cm - 180cm)
Spread 5' - 10'
(150cm - 3m)
Spacing 60" - 120"
(150cm - 3m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Wisconsin, Ohio, Missouri, Nebraska, Midwest, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Southwest, Texas, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Rosa (Rose) Rosa (Shrub Roses)
Not sure which Rosa (Rose) to pick?
Compare Now

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