Alphabetical Plant Listing

Verbesina encelioides (Golden Crownbeard)

Cowpen Daisy, Golden Crownbeard, Butter Daisy


Verbesina encelioides (Golden Crownbeard) is a fast-growing annual boasting masses of bright yellow flowers, up to 2 in. across (5 cm), atop upright, stiff, branched stems clad with alternate or opposite, toothed, nearly triangular, silvery green leaves. Blooming from spring to fall, each blossom features 8-15 yellow rays, notch-tipped, and a center flower disk packed with 80 to 150 tubular yellow florets. A host to butterflies and moths, this US native likes to grow in disturbed soils where it makes an impressive display over a long season. Golden Crownbeard brings prairie charm along a wall of fence and is perfect for wildflower gardens.

  • Grows up to 2-5 ft. tall (60-150 cm). Freely self seeds in optimum conditions.
  • Performs best in full sun in dry, well-drained soils. Thrives in poor or rich soils and is drought tolerant.
  • Easy to grow, relatively pest and disease free, Golden Crownbeard is a favorite of bees and butterflies, but is ignored by deer.
  • A welcomed addition to borders, naturalized areas, cottage gardens, prairies and meadows.
  • Propagate by seed. Allow seedheads to dry on the plant. Remove and collect the seeds.
  • Native range spans from California to Arizona, New Mexico to Texas, Utah, Colorado, Montana, east to Kansas, and continues south into Mexico.

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Elena Kirey, Hassanovic (Shutterstock)

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Plant Type Annuals
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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