Camellias

How to Choose Camellias, How to Grow Camellias, How to Care for Camellias, Landscaping with Camellias (Camellia)

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Queens of the winter flowers, Camellias are attractive evergreen shrubs that are highly prized for the beauty of their exquisite blooms, their splendid evergreen foliage and their compact shapely habit. Blooming prodigiously for weeks from fall to spring (depending on climate and variety), when the rest of the garden offers little, Camellias are ranked as one of the very best flowering shrubs. With just a couple of well-chosen shrubs, it is possible to have blooms in your landscape from October through May.
Do you have a camellia in your garden? If you don't, maybe it is time to reconsider!  

Basic Facts About Camellias

There are numerous species of Camellia (about 250) but the Camellia types commonly grown as landscape shrubs are Camellia sasanqua, Camellia japonica, and hybrids of these. Camellia reticulata, Camellia hiemalis, Camellia vernalis, and their hybrids are less commonly used in landscapes. The young leaves of another species, Camellia sinensis, are processed for tea, one of the world's most popular drinks.


Photo courtesy of 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 6 – 9  
Heat Zones 7 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant TypeShrubs
Plant FamilyCamellias
ExposureFull Sun, Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 2' – 20' (60cm – 6m)
Spread 3' – 10' (90cm – 3m)
Water NeedsAverage
MaintenanceLow
Soil TypeClay, Loam, Sand
Soil PhAcid, Neutral
Soil DrainageMoist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
CharacteristicsCut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Japanese Garden, Traditional Garden

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