Hardy Perennial Salvias (Sage)

Wood Sage, Salvia x superba, Salvia nemorosa, Salvia x sylvestris (Salvia)

  • hardy salvia, perennial salvia, Wood Sage, Salvia x Superba, Salvia Nemorosa, Salvia x Sylvestris, Salvia Mainacht, Salvia Caradonna, violet flowers, fragrant flowers
  • hardy salvia, perennial salvia, Wood Sage, Salvia x Superba, Salvia Nemorosa, Salvia x Sylvestris, Salvia Mainacht, Salvia Caradonna, violet flowers, fragrant flowers
  • hardy salvia, perennial salvia, Wood Sage, Salvia x Superba, Salvia Nemorosa, Salvia x Sylvestris, Salvia Mainacht, Salvia Caradonna, violet flowers, fragrant flowers
  • hardy salvia, perennial salvia, Wood Sage, Salvia x Superba, Salvia Nemorosa, Salvia x Sylvestris, Salvia Mainacht, Salvia Caradonna, violet flowers, fragrant flowers
  • hardy salvia, perennial salvia, Wood Sage, Salvia x Superba, Salvia Nemorosa, Salvia x Sylvestris, Salvia Mainacht, Salvia Caradonna, violet flowers, fragrant flowers

Adding fabulous color and form to the early summer border, hardy perennial salvias are mostly represented by the hybrids of Salvia x sylvestris (Woodland Sage) and Salvia nemorosa. With their vertical, densely packed flower spikes, ranging from rich indigo-blue to violet to purple, these hardy salvias contribute to create incredibly beautiful and contrasting combinations with other perennials and ornamental grasses. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them as they enjoy sipping the nectar from their tightly bunched whorls of flowers.

  •  These colorful plants bloom for weeks, generally from late spring or early summer and often throughout summer.  
  • Perennial Salvias are really interesting plants that make an attractive accent in perennial bordersbutterfly gardenscottage gardens. They combine beautifully with yellow Achillea (Yarrow), daylilies and look fabulous when interspersed with roses. Very useful and adaptable in the garden, they are trouble-free and easy to grow.
  • Reliable, these herbaceous perennials grow in round clumps of aromatic foliage, up to 18-36 in. high (45-90 cm) and 12-36 in. wide (30-90 cm).
  • They enjoy full sun (light shade is tolerated) in averagedry to mediumwell-drained soilsMoistsandy or gravelly soils with good drainage are preferred!
  • Drought tolerant and deer resistant, they are a real magnet for butterflies, hummingbirds and bees!
  • Remove spent flower spikes to promote further blooms and cut back after flowering is over.

Botanik Foto, Gap Photos/Elke Borkowski, Denise Dering

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 – 9  
Heat Zones 4 – 9
Climate Zones 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant TypePerennials
Plant FamilySalvia - Sages
ExposureFull Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Water NeedsAverage
MaintenanceLow
Soil TypeChalk, Loam, Sand
Soil PhAcid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil DrainageMoist but Well-Drained
CharacteristicsCut Flowers, Dried Arrangements, Fragrant, Showy
ToleranceDeer, Drought, Dry Soil, Rabbit
AttractsBirds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden, Prairie and Meadow

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