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Aristolochia macrophylla (Dutchman’s Pipe)

Pipevine, Dutchman's Pipe, Big Sarsaparilla, Broad-Leaved Birthwort, Wild Ginger, Aristolochia durior, Aristolochia sipho, Isotrema macrophyllum

Aristolochia macrophylla, Pipevine, Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia durior, Isotrema macrophyllum, Perennial Vines
Aristolochia macrophylla, Pipevine, Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia durior, Isotrema macrophyllum, Perennial Vines

Picturesque and reliable, Aristolochia macrophylla (Dutchman’s Pipe) is a vigorous deciduous climber with large, heart-shaped leaves, up to 12 in. long (30 cm), deep green above and pale-silver beneath. Carried in a shingle-like pattern, they overlap to create a dense cloak on a trellis, arbor, fence or wall. In late spring to early summer, unusual pipe-shaped flowers dangle down from the leaf axils. Borne singly or in clusters of 2-3 flowers, the greenish-yellow blossoms are mottled with yellow and burgundy. They are often obscured by the lush foliage. However, this twining woody vine is appreciated more for its foliage than its flowers. Rich in nectar, the flowers attract hummingbirds. Dutchman’s Pipe is also the main plant food for pipe vine swallowtail butterflies. The flowers are followed by green cucumber-like capsules, 3-4 in. long (7-10 cm), eventually ripening to gray or black. An old-fashioned favorite, Dutchman’s Pipe quickly creates a dense tangle of beautiful heart-shaped leaves and makes a wonderful screen or climber for the porch or garden wall.

  • Will grow up to 15-30 ft. tall (450-900 cm) and 15-20 ft. wide (450-600 cm).
  • Thrives in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun or part shade. This plant is intolerant of dry soils and needs protection from strong winds.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Prune as needed when dormant. Pinch growing tips to encourage branching.
  • Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings.
  • Native to the eastern United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Heat Zones 4 - 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Aristolochiaceae
Common names Dutchman's Pipe, Wild Ginger, Pipevine
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Michigan, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Wall-Side Borders, Walls And Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Heat Zones 4 - 8
Climate Zones 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Aristolochiaceae
Common names Dutchman's Pipe, Wild Ginger, Pipevine
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Height 15' - 30'
(4.6m - 9.1m)
Spread 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, New Jersey, New York, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Southeast, Midwest, Northeast, Michigan, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Wall-Side Borders, Walls And Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?

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