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Helianthus annuus ‘Autumn Beauty’ (Common Sunflower)

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Autumn Beauty Sunflower, Sunflower Autumn Beauty, Sunflower Mix, Helianthus

Helianthus annuus ‘Autumn Beauty’ (Sunflower) is not just a garden plant; it’s a multi-faceted addition to any outdoor space, combining beauty, ecological benefits, and versatility. Whether for aesthetic pleasure, wildlife support, or practical use, it brings a unique and valuable dimension to gardens and landscapes.

Sunflower ‘Autumn Beauty’: An In-depth Look

Helianthus annuus ‘Autumn Beauty’ is a visually stunning variety of the common sunflower. It stands out with its richly hued flowers in shades of red, orange, yellow, and bronze, often with a bi-colored pattern. The plants have a branching habit, leading to multiple blooms per stalk.

Native: Autumn Beauty is native to North America. It’s a cultivar of the common sunflower, Helianthus annuus, indigenous to the United States.

Plant Type and Habit: This annual flowering plant has a branching habit. Unlike some sunflowers that grow a single stem and flower, ‘Autumn Beauty’ produces multiple stems and blooms from the main stalk.

Size: ‘Autumn Beauty’ can reach a height of 5-6 feet (1.5-1.8 meters) and a spread of about 12-18 inches (30-45 cm). Its size makes it an imposing presence in a garden setting. It may need support.

Flowers: The flowers are the main attraction of this plant. Each head measures about 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) in diameter, featuring a dark central disk surrounded by petals in warm autumnal shades. The edible seeds can be harvested for consumption or left on the plant to attract wildlife.

Bloom Time: It typically blooms from mid-summer to early fall, providing a long-lasting display of color in the garden.

Foliage: The leaves are large, heart-shaped, and rough-textured, with a vibrant green color. They are arranged alternately along the stem.

Uses: ‘Autumn Beauty’ is primarily used for ornamental purposes in gardens. It’s also excellent for cut flower arrangements. The seeds are edible and can be harvested for food or bird feed.

Hardiness: As an annual, it does not have a USDA hardiness rating. It’s planted each year and grows best in warm conditions after the threat of frost has passed.

Toxicity: sunflowers are not known to be toxic and are safe around pets and humans.

Wildlife: Sunflowers attract pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and birds, particularly finches, who feed on the seeds.

Deer and Rabbit: Sunflowers, in general, are somewhat resistant to deer and rabbits, but they may still nibble on the leaves and young plants.

Drought: While they prefer regular watering, sunflowers can tolerate short periods of drought. They are quite resilient once established.

Invasiveness: This variety is not invasive. However, if the seed heads are left to dry on the plant, it can self-seed in the garden.

Benefits: Autumn Beauty’ provides ecological benefits such as attracting pollinators and enhancing garden biodiversity. Its deep roots help improve soil structure and aeration. As an ornamental plant, it adds vibrant color and vertical interest to garden landscapes.

Sunflower Growing Tips

Light: Thrives in full sun, requiring a minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Site in a sheltered location, as the wind may catch the heavy heads.

Soil: Prefers well-drained, fertile soil. Tolerates a variety of soil types but thrives in slightly acidic to neutral pH.

Watering: Regular watering is essential, especially during dry spells. Avoid overwatering and ensure soil drainage to prevent root rot.

Fertilizing: Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at planting time. Excessive nitrogen can lead to lush foliage at the expense of flowers.

Pruning: Remove spent flowers if self-seeding is a concern.

Propagation: Easily propagated by seeds. Plant seeds directly in the ground after the last frost.

Pests and Diseases: Sunflowers can attract pests like aphids and caterpillars, and are prone to diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and downy mildew.  Preventive measures include proper spacing for air circulation, avoiding wet foliage, and prompt removal of affected parts to maintain healthy sunflower plants.

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Gorgeous Sunflowers


Cherished for their beauty, Sunflowers (Helianthus) are striking ornamental annuals or perennial plants grown for their colorful summer and fall blooms. Fast-growing, they can reward you with glamorous blooms between 55 and 100 days after planting. Here are some basic rules that need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers.

Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 12
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Helianthus
Common names Common Sunflower, Sunflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Height 5' - 6'
(150cm - 180cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
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Helianthus (Sunflower)
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Helianthus annuus ProCut® White Nite (Common Sunflower)
Helianthus annuus ProCut® Red (Common Sunflower)
Helianthus annuus ‘Sunrich Summer Provence’ (Common Sunflower)
Helianthus annuus ‘Sunrich Gold’ (Common Sunflower)
Helianthus annuus ‘Sunny Smile’ (Common Sunflower)
Helianthus annuus ‘Velvet Queen’ (Common Sunflower)

Recommended Companion Plants

Eryngium (Sea Holly)
Echinacea (Coneflower)
Perovskia atriplicifolia (Russian Sage)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

How to Choose the Perfect Sunflower for Your garden and Pots
10 Reasons Why You Should Grow Sunflowers in Your Garden
Companion Planting With Annuals
Best Annual Flowers For Your Vegetable Garden
Best Annual Flowers and Plants for Full Sun
Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Gorgeous Sunflowers
39 Most Beautiful Sunflower Types for Your Garden
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 12
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Helianthus
Common names Common Sunflower, Sunflower
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Height 5' - 6'
(150cm - 180cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral, Acid
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Helianthus (Sunflower)
Not sure which Helianthus (Sunflower) to pick?
Compare Now

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