Alphabetical Plant Listing

Cephalanthus occidentalis (Button Bush)

Common Buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button Bush, Globe-Flowered Bush, Honeybells, Little Snowballs, Swamp Globeflower, White Pond-Dogwood, Button Willow, Cephalanthus occidentalis var. californicus, Cephalanthus occidentalis var. pubescens


A wonderful butterfly magnet, Cephalanthus occidentalis (Button Bush) is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub of lax and loose, rounded habit. In early summer to early fall, it boasts long-lasting, unusual, spherical flower heads, 1.5 in. across (4 cm). Resembling pincushions, each scented flower head is packed with creamy-white, tubular flowers that are very attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other insect pollinators. They mature into hard buttonlike balls in late summer, which usually persist throughout the winter. The foliage of oval, glossy bright green leaves, 6 in. long (15 cm), is attractive. Button Bush is a handsome ornamental shrub suited to wet soils. In a naturalized landscape where excess moisture is available, at the edge of ponds or wetlands, it is a reliable performer.

  • Grows up to 5-12 ft. tall (150-360 cm) and 4-8 ft. wide (120-240 cm).
  • A full sun lover, this plant is best grown in moist, humusy, neutral to acid, well-drained soils. Tolerates light shade but best flowering occurs in full sun. Not fussy about soil type as long as it is rich or moist.
  • Perfect for beds and borders, cottage gardens or along ponds or streams.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Pruning is usually not necessary, but may be done in early spring to shape.
  • Propagate by semi-ripe or hardwood cuttings.
  • Native to North America, Cuba, Mexico, eastern Asia

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 5' – 12' (150cm – 3.6m)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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By Melinda Fawver, Guentermanaus, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 9
Plant Type Shrubs
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 5' – 12' (150cm – 3.6m)
Spread 4' – 8' (120cm – 240cm)
Spacing 72" – 96" (180cm – 240cm)
Water Needs Average, High
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Arizona, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage

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