Alphabetical Plant Listing

Clematis ligusticifolia (Western White Clematis)

Western White Clematis, Virgin's Bower, Pepper Vine, Hierba De Chivo


Clematis ligusticifolia (Western White Clematis) is a robust, woody or semi-woody, deciduous climber with showy clusters of fragrant, creamy-white flowers, 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), from mid spring to late summer (depending on geographic location). The blossoms are so profuse that they almost cover the foliage of pinnately compound leaves adorned with 5-7 leaflets. Even after flowering is over, this vine remains attractive, thanks to the plume-like seedheads left by the passing female flowers, therefore providing winter interest. Widely adaptable, tough, drought tolerant and disease-resistant, Western White Clematis can be trained on a trellis or allowed to climb a tree. It also provides excellent stabilization of streambanks and is useful for erosion control and hillside plantings. Western White Clematis attracts birds, hummingbirds, and butterflies. Small birds and rodents use the canopy for cover. The flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects. Native Americans used the root as a horse stimulant. They also chewed the plant to remedy colds and sore throats.

  • Grows up to 3-30 ft. long (1-9 m). Western clematis is long-lived, spreads primarily via seed in the wild, but also via vegetative means (layering).
  • Thrives in deep, moist, well-drained soils, in full sun or part shade. Ideally, Clematis prefer having their 'heads in the sun and their feet in the shade'. In very dry, hot areas, provide afternoon shade and mulch to keep the roots cool. Drought tolerant once established.
  • This Clematis belongs to the third group of Clematis - a group including Clematis which flower in late summer on growth made in that season. They should be pruned in late winter or early spring and require 'hard pruning': simply cut back the stems to a pair of strong buds about 1ft. (30 cm) above ground level before growth begins in early spring. Cut back immediately after bloom where self-sown seedlings are a problem. 
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Browsed by deer.
  • Propagation by seed, softwood or hardwood cuttings.
  • All parts of this plant are poisonous. Severe pain in mouth if eaten, skin irritation if touched or inhaled.
  • Native to North America, it is widespread across the western United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Clematis
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 30' (90cm – 9m)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Andrey Zharkikh, Arches National Park, Charles de Mille-Isles, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Climbers
Plant Family Clematis
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 3' – 30' (90cm – 9m)
Spread 2' – 6' (60cm – 180cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Northeast, Pennsylvania, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Arbors, Pergolas, Trellises, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Clematis

Guides with Clematis

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