Alphabetical Plant Listing

Hedera helix (English Ivy)

English Ivy, Common Ivy, European Ivy, Ivy


Prized for its ability to thrive in shady places, Hedera helix (English ivy) is a vigorous, fast-growing, evergreen perennial which excels as a climbing vine or trailing ground cover. Adaptable and reliable, English ivy enjoys 2 distinct forms: a juvenile form in which the plant climbs or spreads via aerial rootlets and produces lobed dark green leaves on non-flowering stems; a mature form in which unlobed dark green leaves appear on rootless stems that produce round clusters of greenish-white flowers in fall, followed by yellow-orange to black berries. The Ivy berries are an important source of food for hungry birds in winter. If not eaten, they will persist until spring and provide food for young birds.

Being evergreen and shade-loving, Ivy is perfect for winter gardens and can form an attractive covering for garden structures. Ivy is not a parasite, does not normally damage buildings or walls, and is rarely a threat to healthy trees.
Native to Europe, English ivy is a popular ornamental plant that is considered an invasive species in Australia, New Zealand and western USA. While the species is most often grown, there are many attractive cultivars to pick from, with both deeply cut and variegated foliage, that are less vigorous than the species.

  • May grow up to 20-30 ft. tall (6-9 m) and 15 ft. wide (4.5 m). This perennial plant spreads via its stems which root at the nodes where they touch the soil.
  • A part shade to full shade lover, it is best grown in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils. This plant is not fussy about soils and tolerates a wide range of conditions. Tolerates full sun. Some drought tolerance, but produces its best foliage color in evenly moist soils. Provide shelter from cold, drying winds.
  • Perfect for the shade gardens, Hedera helix is a versatile plant that is ideal as groundcover, climbing unsightly walls, fences and garden structures or for hanging baskets.
  • A hardy, low-maintenance and forgiving perennial, it is also deer and rabbit resistant.
  • Susceptible to leaf spot, aphids, scale insects and vine weevil.
  • Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings in summer
  • Ingestion may cause severe discomfort

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 11
Heat Zones 6 – 12
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Climbers, Perennials
Plant Family Hedera - Ivy
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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josefkubes / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 11
Heat Zones 6 – 12
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1
Plant Type Climbers, Perennials
Plant Family Hedera - Ivy
Exposure Partial Sun, Shade
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 20' – 30' (6m – 9m)
Spread 3' – 15' (90cm – 4.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ground Covers, Patio and Containers, Wall-Side Borders, Walls and Fences
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Hedera - Ivy

Guides with Hedera - Ivy

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