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Pieris japonica ‘Carnaval’ (Japanese Andromeda)

Japanese Andromeda 'Carnaval', Japanese Pieris 'Carnaval', Fetterbush 'Carnaval', Lily-of-the-Valley Shrub 'Carnaval', Andromeda japonica 'Carnaval'

AGM Award
Pieris japonica 'Carnaval', Japanese Andromeda 'Carnaval', Japanese Pieris Carnaval, evergreen shrub

Pieris japonica ‘Carnaval’ (Japanese Andromeda) is an ornamental evergreen shrub known for its variegated foliage and decorative flowers, making it a striking addition to gardens.

Pieris japonica ‘Carnaval’: An In-depth Look

‘Carnaval’ is distinguished by its glossy, variegated leaves, which are green with white margins, and its clusters of bell-shaped white flowers. The variegation adds a unique visual appeal, making it stand out among other garden plants.

Native: This cultivar is derived from Pieris japonica, native to eastern China, Taiwan, and Japan.

Plant Type and Habit: It is an evergreen shrub with a bushy, upright growth habit. ‘Carnaval’ is noted for its dense foliage and rounded form.

Size: Typically, it grows to about 3-5 feet in height (90-150 cm) and 2-3 feet in width (60-90 cm), making it a medium-sized shrub for landscape use.

Flowers: ‘Carnaval’ produces drooping clusters of white, urn-shaped flowers that are aesthetically pleasing against the variegated foliage. Like other Pieris varieties, it may produce seed capsules, but these are not a significant feature.

Bloom Time: The blooming season is in early spring, offering a beautiful display of flowers.

Foliage: The foliage is particularly notable for its attractive variegation. The leaves are glossy and feature a distinctive pattern of green centers with creamy white margins, creating a striking contrast. This variegation adds visual interest and brightness to the plant and garden throughout the year.

The leaves are lance-shaped and evergreen, maintaining their beauty across seasons. In the spring, new growth can sometimes have a subtle pinkish tinge, adding to the ornamental value of the plant. As the leaves mature, they settle into their characteristic variegated pattern.

This variegated foliage makes ‘Carnaval’ an excellent choice for gardeners looking to add color and texture to their landscape. It stands out particularly well when planted alongside plants with solid green foliage, where its variegated leaves create a beautiful contrast and draw the eye.

Bark: The bark is smooth and adds to the overall aesthetic of the shrub.

Award: Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.

Uses: Ideal for mixed borders, foundation plantings, and as a specimen in woodland gardens. Its variegated foliage makes it an excellent choice for adding visual interest.

Hardiness: Hardy in USDA zones 5-8, it can withstand a range of temperatures and conditions.

Wildlife: The flowers attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.

Toxicity: Pieris japonica contains compounds that can be toxic if ingested, particularly to humans, dogs, cats, or horses. Wear gloves and wash hands after handling.

Deer and Rabbit: It has some resistance to deer and rabbits, though it’s not completely immune.

Drought: Moderate drought tolerance, but prefers consistent moisture for optimal growth.

Invasiveness: This cultivar is not considered invasive and typically stays within its planting area.

Benefits: Apart from its ornamental value, ‘Carnaval’ offers ecological benefits by attracting pollinators. It’s also a relatively low-maintenance shrub.

Japanese Pieris Growing Tips

Light: Prefers partial shade but can tolerate full sun in cooler climates. Too much sun can scorch the leaves, especially in hotter areas.

Soil: Thrives in acidic, humus-rich, well-drained soil. Amend soil with organic matter to increase acidity if necessary.

Water: Regular watering is essential, especially during dry periods. Pieris japonica prefers consistently moist soil but not waterlogged.

Fertilizer: Use an acid-forming fertilizer before bloom time in late winter or just after flowering in early spring. Avoid over-fertilizing, as it can harm the plant.

Pruning: Minimal pruning is required. The ideal time to prune Pieris japonica is in late winter or early spring, just before new growth begins. Avoid pruning after it has started to leaf out in spring, as this can limit its flowering potential for the next year.

Propagation: Propagate by softwood cuttings in early summer or semi-hardwood cuttings in late summer.

Pests and Diseases: Watch for lace bugs, spider mites, scale insects, nematodes, leaf spot, dieback, and root rot. Maintain good air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent fungal diseases.

Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Heat Zones 6 - 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Pieris
Common names Japanese Andromeda, Japanese Pieris
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid)
Winter
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Plant of Merit
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens, Patio And Containers, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, City and Courtyard
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Pieris japonica ‘Purity’ (Japanese Andromeda)
Pieris japonica ‘Valley Rose’ (Japanese Andromeda)
Pieris japonica ‘Valley Valentine’ (Japanese Andromeda)
Pieris japonica Interstella® (Japanese Andromeda)
Pieris japonica ‘Flaming Silver’ (Japanese Andromeda)
Pieris japonica ‘Little Heath’ (Japanese Andromeda)

Recommended Companion Plants

Azalea and Rhododendron
Hosta (Plantain Lily)
Athyrium (Lady Fern)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

45 Terrific Shrubs for Stunning Container Gardens
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Add a Splash of Color: Perfect Flowering Shrubs for Small Gardens
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 5 - 8
Heat Zones 6 - 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Pieris
Common names Japanese Andromeda, Japanese Pieris
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid)
Winter
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen, Plant of Merit
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens, Patio And Containers, Small Gardens
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Pieris (Andromeda)
Not sure which Pieris (Andromeda) to pick?
Compare Now

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