Alphabetical Plant Listing

Primula vialii (Orchid Primrose)

Orchid Primrose, Vial's Primrose, Primula Littoniana, Red-Hot Poker Primrose, Chinese Pagoda Primrose


Fascinating with its unusual spires of tiny, pinkish-purple flowers, that are red at the top of the spike when in bud, Primula vialii (Orchid Primrose) is a striking perennial. Borne on stout stems above rosettes of spear-shaped, erect, light green leaves, these rocket-shaped spikes are quite long-lasting and provide a spectacular effect when planted in groups. Native to moist mountain areas in China, this perennial thrives in damp, shady environments where it brings in early to mid summer its intriguing colored blossoms. Primroses are brilliant vehicles for adding color to the shade garden.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society
  • Easily grows up to 12-18 in. tall (30-45 cm) and spreads 9-12 in (22-30 cm). Although this plant is short-lived, it may self-seed in satisfactory growing conditions.
  • A part shade lover, it is best grown in humus-rich, consistently moist, neutral to acid soils. This plant may be grown in full sun in cool summer areas, provided the soil remains moist. Mulch this plant to help maintain the soil moisture and keep the roots cool. Wet soil tolerated.
  • This primrose is very versatile and can be used in partially shaded beds and borders, cottage gardens, underplantings, containers or along streams, ponds. Since the foliage goes dormant for 7 months, plant it around hostas and ferns.
  • A low maintenance plant (cut back after flowering).
  • Easy to start from seed, they will bloom their second year.
  • Deer and rabbit resistant!

 

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 9" – 1' (22cm – 30cm)
Spacing 9" – 12" (22cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers, Ponds and Streams, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

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By Ann in the UK, Andrew Fletcher / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 5 – 8
Climate Zones 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Primula - Primroses
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 9" – 1' (22cm – 30cm)
Spacing 9" – 12" (22cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit, Wet Soil
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers, Ponds and Streams, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Primula - Primroses

Guides with Primula - Primroses

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