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Prunus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Cherry)

Hollyleaf Cherry, Holly-Leaved Cherry, Evergreen Cherry

Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Holly-Leaved Cherry, Evergreen Cherry, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree, Cherry Tree, Fragrant Shrub, Fragrant Tree
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Holly-Leaved Cherry, Evergreen Cherry, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree, Cherry Tree, Fragrant Shrub, Fragrant Tree
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Holly-Leaved Cherry, Evergreen Cherry, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree, Cherry Tree, Fragrant Shrub, Fragrant Tree
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Holly-Leaved Cherry, Evergreen Cherry, Evergreen Shrub, Evergreen Tree, Cherry Tree, Fragrant Shrub, Fragrant Tree

Native to Coastal Southern California, Prunus ilicifolia (Hollyleaf Cherry) is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense canopy of stout, spreading branches clothed with holly-like leaves. The thick, evergreen, spiny-toothed leaves, 2 in. long (5 cm), are dark green and shiny above with pale undersides, and arranged alternately on the stems. They emit an almond scent when bruised. In early to late spring, a profusion of fragrant, tiny white flowers held in dense racemes appear among the leaves. They attract bees, butterflies and other pollinating insects. They are followed by small, reddish purple cherries. Juicy and sweet-tasting, the berries are readily devoured by songbirds. Rodents and other small mammals eat the seeds. Noted for its shiny, evergreen leaves and profusion of feathery blooms, Hollyleaf Cherry is often grown as an ornamental hedge. It is also useful to stabilize steep, erodible hillsides.

  • Grows up to 10-30 ft. tall (300-900 cm) and 10-25 ft. wide (300-750 cm).
  • A full sun or part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in dry to moist, well-drained soils. Tolerant of a variety of soils (including alkaline soils) but will thrive in coarse, fast draining, relatively fertile garden soil.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant or for hedges or screens. Good for bank stabilization and coastal gardens.
  • Keep an eye out for white flies, aphids and caterpillars, armillaria, root rot, rust, sooty mold, verticillium and virus.
  • Propagate by seed, semi-hardwood cuttings, softwood cuttings. Fresh seeds require no treatment. Stored seeds benefit from 1-3 months stratification.
  • Seeds may be harmful if ingested
  • Native to coastal California and northern Baja California.

Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 10
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Prunus - Flowering Cherry Tree
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' - 30'
(3m - 9.1m)
Spread 10' - 25'
(3m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Prunus mume (Plum Blossom)
Prunus x cistena (Purple-Leaf Sand Cherry)
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)
Prunus caroliniana (Carolina Cherry Laurel)
Prunus americana (American Plum)
Prunus ‘Snow Fountains’ (Weeping Cherry)

Recommended Companion Plants

Baccharis pilularis (Coyote Bush)
Cercis occidentalis (Western Redbud)
Heteromeles arbutifolia (Toyon)
Rhamnus californica (California Coffeeberry)

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Prunus x yedoensis (Yoshino Cherry Blossom)
Prunus pendula (Weeping Cherry Blossom)
Prunus x subhirtella (Higan Cherry)
Prunus serrulata (Japanese Cherry Blossom)
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Early Season Flowering Cherry Trees for Your Garden
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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 10
Climate Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Prunus - Flowering Cherry Tree
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 10' - 30'
(3m - 9.1m)
Spread 10' - 25'
(3m - 7.6m)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, California
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Prunus (Cherry Tree)
Not sure which Prunus (Cherry Tree) to pick?
Compare Now

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