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Rosa minutifolia (Small-Leaved Rose)

Baja Rose, Ensenada Rose, Small-Leaved Rose, Wild Roses, Shrub Roses

Rosa minutifolia, Baja Rose, Ensenada Rose, Small-Leaved Rose, Wild Roses, Shrub Roses, pink roses, Drought tolerant roses
Rosa minutifolia, Baja Rose, Ensenada Rose, Small-Leaved Rose, Wild Roses, Shrub Roses, pink roses, Drought tolerant roses

Noted for its drought tolerance and tiny leaves, Rosa minutifolia (Small-Leaved Rose) is a semi-evergreen dense shrub adorned with gray to red-tinted branches densely covered with straight or slightly recurved spines. The foliage of minute, deeply incised, bright green leaflets, 1/4 in. wide (0.5 cm), distinguishes this native rose from all other roses. From early spring to mid-summer, it is covered with a profusion of lightly fragrant, tiny pink flowers, 1 in. across (2.5 cm), adorned with yellow central stamens. They are followed by tiny dark reddish purple rose hips. Slow-growing, Rosa minutifolia remains fairly compact, unlike other wild roses. It is incredibly drought tolerant and easily survives as long as nine months without water. It will often grow and bloom in response to watering. This rose is known to be self-infertile, but seeds are produced readily in mixed stands. Native to coastal bluffs, mesas, and foothills of California and Baja California, Rosa minutifolia is a good choice for drought-tolerant gardens, especially in southern coastal California.

  • Grows up to 3-4 ft. tall and wide (90-120 cm).
  • Best grown in full sun, in sandy, well-drained soils. Tolerant to clay soils and drought. Water maximum once per month in summer after the plant is established.
  • Do not prune.
  • Perfect for coastal gardens, native plant gardens or bird gardens.
  • Attractive to pollinating insects, butterflies, and birds.
  • Do not remove spent flowers if you want to enjoy a beautiful crop of orange-red hips in fall and winter.
  • Propagate by seed (no stratification is needed), cuttings, division, and layering.
  • Native to California and Baja California.

Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 11
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Rosa, Rosa - Shrub Rose
Common names Rose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spread 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spacing 36" - 48"
(90cm - 120cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Semi-Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants California, United States
Tolerance Drought, Salt, Clay Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’ (Rugosa Rose)
Rosa rugosa ‘Purple Pavement’ (Rugosa Rose)
Rosa Stormy Weather (Climbing Rose)
Rosa Enchanted Peace™ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
Rosa Pinkerbelle™ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
Rosa Sweet Spirit™ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
View All Our Rosa

Recommended Companion Plants

Salvia apiana (White Sage)
Sphaeralcea ambigua (Desert Mallow)
Salvia leucophylla (Purple Sage)
Agave shawii (Shaw’s Agave)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

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Great Colorful Rose Companion Plants
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Pretty Roses and Clematis Combination Ideas (Part 2)
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Native Plant Alternatives to Rosa canina (Dog Rose)
Native Plant Alternatives to Rosa rugosa (Rugosa Rose)
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Climbing or Rambler Roses for my Garden?
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Learn How To Plant And Care for Your English Roses
Plants with Purple Flowers to Add Charm to Your Garden
Plants with Pink Flowers to Add Romance to Your Garden
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 9 - 11
Plant Type Roses, Shrubs
Plant Family Rosaceae
Genus Rosa, Rosa - Shrub Rose
Common names Rose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spread 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spacing 36" - 48"
(90cm - 120cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Semi-Evergreen, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants California, United States
Tolerance Drought, Salt, Clay Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Rosa (Rose) Rosa (Shrub Roses)
Not sure which Rosa (Rose) to pick?
Compare Now

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