Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola adunca (Western Blue Violet)

Hooked-Spur Violet, Western Blue Violet, Western Dog Violet, Early Blue Violet, Sand Violet, California Sweet Violet


Native to eastern and western North America, Viola adunca (Western Blue Violet) is a low-growing, spreading perennial forming a neat clump of heart-shaped, dark green leaves. Blooming in mid spring and sometimes intermittently into late summer, attractive, small, lavender-blue flowers, 1 in. wide (2.5 cm), with conspicuous white throats and bright orange stigmas appear above the foliage. Extremely fragrant, the blossoms hang at the tips of slender stalks. Easy, hardy and adaptable, Western Blue Violet takes a wide range of soils and exposures. It also tolerates some drought. Western Blue Violet is well-suited to woodland, banks or wild gardens where it spreads by self-seeding and creeping stems. The young leaves and flower buds can be used in salads or cooked as greens. The leaves are reported to contain more vitamin A than spinach, and one-half cup of violet leaves has as much vitamin C as four oranges. A tea can also be made from the dried leaves.

  • Growing up to 3-6 in. tall (7-15 cm), this Violet will spread by self-seeding and creeping stems.
  • A full sun to part shade lover, it is best grown in average, moist, well-drained soils. Will tolerate some dryness.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used on banks and slopes, beds and borders, underplanting shrubs and roses, cottage gardens, rock gardens, woodland gardens or as a ground cover.
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, violet gall midge, powdery mildews and pansy leaf spot. Deer resistant.
  • Deadhead to prolong flowering.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to Eastern and Western North America - Alaska to California, also Ontario to Quebec and New Brunswick.

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Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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By Cvandyke, shutterstock, Andrey Zharkikh, Patrick Alexander, Flickr

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 4 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 3" – 6" (7cm – 15cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Alaska, California, Midwest, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico
Tolerance Deer, Drought
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Ground Covers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Viola - Violets

Guides with Viola - Violets

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