Create Your Garden

Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Beach Primrose)

Beach Primrose, California Evening Primrose, California Evening-primrose, California Primrose, California Suncup, Oenothera californica

Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia, Beach Primrose, California Evening Primrose, California Evening-primrose, California Primrose, California Suncup, Oenothera californica, Yellow Flowers, Perennial Flowers
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia, Beach Primrose, California Evening Primrose, California Evening-primrose, California Primrose, California Suncup, Oenothera californica, Yellow Flowers, Perennial Flowers
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia, Beach Primrose, California Evening Primrose, California Evening-primrose, California Primrose, California Suncup, Oenothera californica, Yellow Flowers, Perennial Flowers

One of the few plants that thrive in the coastal strand environment, Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Beach Primrose) is a low-growing, short-lived perennial subshrub forming dense mats of silvery gray-green, smooth-margined leaves. From early spring to mid-summer, a profusion of showy, clear yellow flowers, 1-1.5 in. across (2-3 cm), each with four bright yellow petals, open in the morning. Borne in the leaf axils of wiry stems that hug the ground, the blossoms fade to shades of red or orange as they age. Attractive to butterflies, they give way to slim, four-sided capsules that split open when ripe, allowing the seeds to be dispersed by gravity and animals. Native to dunes and sandy soils of coastal California and Oregon, Beach Primrose is adapted to one of the harshest environments on earth. Plants must survive salt spray, wind, and the scorching temperatures of sand under the summer sun. A dense covering of pale hairs protects the plant from the hot summer sun and a deep taproot anchors it against wind and shifting sand. Often used in dune restoration projects, Beach primrose is a valuable plant for hot, dry locations where it provides a bold splash of color, before going dormant during the hot, dry months of summer. Recommended for native plant gardens, especially in sandy soil, Beach Primrose may flower all year if given a bit of summer water.

  • Grows up to 3-4 in. tall (7-10 cm) and 6-36 in. wide (15-90 cm). This plant will self-seed in the garden.
  • Best in full sun in sandy, well-drained soils. Little supplemental watering is necessary once the plant is established. Drought and salt spray tolerant.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Propagate by seed.
  • Native to open dunes and sandy soils of coastal California and Oregon.

Requirements

Hardiness 8 - 10
Climate Zones 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Onagraceae
Genus Oenothera
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid)
Height 3" - 4"
(8cm - 10cm)
Spread 6" - 3'
(15cm - 90cm)
Spacing 12" - 36"
(30cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah
Tolerance Drought, Salt, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Oenothera (Evening Primrose)
Not sure which Oenothera (Evening Primrose) to pick?
Compare Now

Alternative Plants to Consider

Calylophus lavandulifolius (Lavendar-leaf Sundrops)
Calylophus serrulatus (Plains Evening Primrose)
Oenothera elata (Hooker’s Evening Primrose)
Oenothera pallida (Pale Evening Primrose)
Oenothera fruticosa (Sundrops)
Oenothera speciosa ‘Siskiyou’ (Evening Primrose)

Recommended Companion Plants

Eriogonum latifolium (Seaside Buckwheat)
Dudleya farinosa (Bluff Lettuce)
Sedum spathulifolium (Broadleaf Stonecrop)
Achillea millefolium (White Yarrow)
Erigeron glaucus (Seaside Daisy)
Eriophyllum staechadifolium (Seaside Woolly Sunflower)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
Buy Plants

Requirements

Hardiness 8 - 10
Climate Zones 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Perennials, Shrubs
Plant Family Onagraceae
Genus Oenothera
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid)
Height 3" - 4"
(8cm - 10cm)
Spread 6" - 3'
(15cm - 90cm)
Spacing 12" - 36"
(30cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, California, Arizona, Nevada, Utah
Tolerance Drought, Salt, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Ground Covers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Oenothera (Evening Primrose)
Not sure which Oenothera (Evening Primrose) to pick?
Compare Now

Gardening Ideas

Plant Calculator

How many Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Beach Primrose) do I need for my garden?

Input your garden space dimensions

Your Shopping List

Plant Quantity
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Beach Primrose) N/A Buy Plants

Please Login to Proceed

You Have Reached The Free Limit, Please Subscribe to Proceed

Subscribe to Gardenia

To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of Gardenia
  • Add as many plants as you wish
  • Create and save up to 25 garden collections
Become a Member

Plant Added Successfully

You have Reached Your Limit

To add more plants, you must be a paid member of our site Become a Member

Update Your Credit
Card Information

Cancel

Create a New Collection

Sign Up to Our Newsletter

    You have been subscribed successfully

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Join Gardenia.net

    Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

    Join now and start creating your dream garden!

    Find your Hardiness Zone

    Find your Heat Zone

    Find your Climate Zone