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Ilex cornuta ‘Needlepoint’ (Chinese Holly)

Chinese Holly 'Needlepoint', Needlepoint Holly, Willowleaf Holly

Ilex cornuta 'Needlepoint', Chinese Holly 'Needlepoint', Needlepoint Holly, Willowleaf Holly, evergreen shrub, Red Berries, columnar shrub

Noted for its heat and drought tolerance, Ilex cornuta ‘Needlepoint’ (Chinese Holly) is a pyramidal evergreen shrub or tree with a lustrous foliage of alternate, simple, dark green leaves, which holds all year. The leathery, slightly twisted leaves feature a large spine at their tips. Inconspicuous fragrant white flowers appear in spring. They attract bees and pollinating insects. The pollinated flowers give way to a heavy crop of bright red berries, which ripen in fall and persist into winter. Birds feast on them. Ilex cornuta ‘Needlepoint’ responds very well to shearing, enabling it to be used in various landscape applications. It is perfect for screening, massing, or grouping.

  • Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall (450-600 cm) and 10-20 ft. wide (300-600 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Shelter from cold winter winds. Drought and heat-tolerant. Moderately salt tolerant, too.
  • Perfect as a specimen plant, foundation plantings, hedges or screens, banks and slopes, coastal gardens, and cottage gardens.
  • Look for holly leaf miner, spider mites, whiteflies, scale insects, leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot, and powdery mildew. Chinese Holly is also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch, and chlorosis. Deer resistant.
  • Prune in the late winter to control its size if needed.
  • Propagate by stem cuttings.
  • Ilex cornuta species is native to China and Korea.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.

Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 9
Heat Zones 7 - 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Aquifoliaceae
Genus Ilex
Common names Needlepoint Holly, Holly, Chinese Holly
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Spread 10' - 20'
(3m - 6.1m)
Spacing 72" - 144"
(180cm - 3.7m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Salt
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Ilex vomitoria f. pendula (Weeping Yaupon Holly)
Ilex cassine (Dahoon)
Ilex Golden Oakland® (Holly)
Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly)
Ilex verticillata (Winterberry)
Ilex decidua (Possumhaw)

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Shrubs and Trees with Colorful Fruits and Berries in Winter
Native Plant Alternatives to Ilex aquifolium (English Holly)
Attractive Evergreen Shrubs and Trees with Red Fruits and Berries
Attractive Deciduous Shrubs and Trees with Red Fruits and Berries
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 9
Heat Zones 7 - 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Aquifoliaceae
Genus Ilex
Common names Needlepoint Holly, Holly, Chinese Holly
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' - 20'
(4.6m - 6.1m)
Spread 10' - 20'
(3m - 6.1m)
Spacing 72" - 144"
(180cm - 3.7m)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Salt
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Uses Banks And Slopes, Beds And Borders, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Ilex (Holly)
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Ilex (Holly)
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