Alphabetical Plant Listing

Ilex cornuta 'Needlepoint' (Chinese Holly)

Chinese Holly 'Needlepoint', Needlepoint Holly, Willowleaf Holly


Noted for its heat and drought tolerance, Ilex cornuta 'Needlepoint' (Chinese Holly) is a pyramidal evergreen shrub or tree with a lustrous foliage of alternate, simple, dark green leaves, which holds all year. The leathery, slightly twisted leaves feature a large spine at their tips. Inconspicuous fragrant white flowers appear in spring. They attract bees and pollinating insects. The pollinated flowers give way to a heavy crop of bright red berries which ripen in fall and persist into winter. Birds feast on them. Ilex cornuta 'Needlepoint' responds very well to shearing, which enables it to be used in a numerous variety of different landscape applications. It is perfect for screening, massing or grouping.

  • Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall (450-600 cm) and 10-20 ft. wide (300-600 cm).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this plant is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates. Shelter from cold winter winds. Drought and heat tolerant. Moderately salt tolerant too
  • Perfect as a specimen plant, foundation plantings, hedges or screens, banks and slopes, coastal gardens, cottage gardens.
  • Keep an eye out for holly leaf miner, spider mites, whitefly, scale, leaf spot, leaf rot, tar spot and powdery mildew. Chinese Holly is also susceptible to leaf drop, leaf scorch and chlorosis. Deer resistant.
  • Prune in the late winter to control its size if needed.
  • Propagate by stem cuttings.
  • Ilex cornuta species is native to China, Korea.
  • Find where this species is invasive in the United States.

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Heat Zones 7 – 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Ilex - Hollies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spacing 72" – 144" (180cm – 360cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

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While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 9
Heat Zones 7 – 9
Climate Zones 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Shrubs, Trees
Plant Family Ilex - Hollies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 15' – 20' (4.5m – 6m)
Spread 10' – 20' (3m – 6m)
Spacing 72" – 144" (180cm – 360cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Salt
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Ilex - Hollies

Guides with Ilex - Hollies

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Ilex cornuta 'Needlepoint' (Chinese Holly)

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