Alphabetical Plant Listing

Lilium canadense (Canada Lily)

Canada Lily, Canadian Lily, Wild Yellow Lily, Species & Cultivars of Species Group


Lilium canadense (Canada Lily) is an erect perennial lily with a single tall green stem bearing prominent whorls of lance-shaped leaves. In early to midsummer, it is crowned with striking clusters of nodding bell-shaped flowers, 3-4 in. long (7-10 cm), in shades of yellow, orange or red. The ravishing blossoms are adorned with dark purple or red spots in their throats. Fertile flowers produce seed capsules, which contain numerous small flattened seeds. These are wind dispersed when the capsule opens. Amazingly decorative, Lilium canadense is quite prolific as mature bulbs can produce up to 20 blossoms per stem. This Lily variety is not fragrant. Lilium canadense comes back year after year and is an eye-catching addition to the garden.

  • Grows up to 3-5 ft. tall (90-150 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun or part shade in deep, loamy, acidic to neutral well-drained soils. Full sun is best for flowering.
  • Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection will usually germinate in the fall and overwinter.
  • Toxic to cats (though not for dogs or any known species)
  • This Lily is a member of the Species and cultivars of species Division (IX) which includes all species and their subspecies, varieties and forms, and cultivars selected therefrom (excluding those derived from formosanum, longiflorum, philippinense and wallichianum). There are 9 different types of lilies classified by the Royal Horticultural Society. And they are all real eye-catchers!
  • Native to North America.

Learn How To Plant And Care for Your Lilies

Extremely showy and exotic-looking, lilies add drama to the landscape with their rich, bright colors, elegant and delicate shapes and their heavenly scent! Learn how to care for them...Read More

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Lilium - Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Doug McGrady, In Awe of God's Creation, Flickr, Sylvie Corriveau, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 8
Plant Type Bulbs, Perennials
Plant Family Lilium - Lilies
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid)
Height 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, Midwest, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Ohio, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia
Garden Uses Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Lilium - Lilies

Guides with Lilium - Lilies

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