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Oenothera speciosa (Evening Primrose)

Evening Primrose, Pink Ladies, White Evening Primrose, Pinkladies, Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Primrose

Oenothera Speciosa (Evening Primrose), Evening Primrose, Pink Ladies, White Evening Primrose, Pinkladies, Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Primrose, pink flowers, ground covers, grouncover, perennial ground cover
Oenothera Speciosa (Evening Primrose), Evening Primrose, Pink Ladies, White Evening Primrose, Pinkladies, Pink Evening Primrose, Showy Evening Primrose, Mexican Primrose, pink flowers, ground covers, grouncover, perennial ground cover

Vigorous and showy, Oenothera speciosa (Evening Primrose) is a sprawling perennial featuring masses of fragrant, bowl-shaped, satiny white flowers with the delicate texture of crumpled silk. Large, 2-3 in. wide (5-7 cm), the pretty flowers age to rose-pink with deeper pink veining. They rise on erect to sprawling stems atop rosettes of oblong to lance-shaped, toothed, medium-green leaves. Blooming profusely from late spring to early fall, the flowers open in the evening and remain open until late morning. They are followed by oval seed capsules bearing four papery wings, ready to be blown out by the wind. A valuable plant for its ability to grow in poor soils and tolerate drought.

  • Winter hardy, this spreading perennial grows 10-24 in. tall (25-60 cm) and spreads by rhizomes to 18 in. (45 cm) or more. This plant will spread, sometimes aggressively, to form large colonies.
  • Best in full sun in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils. Tolerates poor soils, drought, and light shade.
  • Great choice for prairies and meadows, wildflower gardens, coastal gardens, or naturalized areas. May be planted in beds, borders, or rock gardens. Makes a perfect full sun groundcover with its showy flowers
  • Easily grown from seed sown outdoors in fall or early spring.
  • No serious insect or disease issues. Deer resistant, this plant attracts birds.
  • This perennial wildflower is native to 28 of the lower 48 U.S. states as well as Mexico.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Onagraceae
Genus Oenothera
Common names Sundrop, Evening Primrose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 10" - 2'
(25cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Southwest, Southeast, California, Northeast, Midwest, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage, Gravel and Rock Garden
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia (Beach Primrose)
Calylophus lavandulifolius (Lavendar-leaf Sundrops)
Calylophus serrulatus (Plains Evening Primrose)
Oenothera elata (Hooker’s Evening Primrose)
Oenothera pallida (Pale Evening Primrose)
Oenothera fruticosa (Sundrops)

Recommended Companion Plants

Papaver rhoeas (Flanders Poppy)
Silene armeria (Garden Catchfly)
Salvia nemorosa ‘Caradonna’ (Sage)
Stachys officinalis ‘Hummelo’ (Bettony)
Stachys byzantina (Lamb’s Ears)
Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’ (Lavender)

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A Casual and Impressionistic Planting Combination
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 8
Climate Zones 2B, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Onagraceae
Genus Oenothera
Common names Sundrop, Evening Primrose
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 10" - 2'
(25cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 12" - 18"
(30cm - 50cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy
Native Plants United States, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Southwest, Southeast, California, Northeast, Midwest, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Birds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Ground Covers
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Prairie and Meadow, Informal and Cottage, Gravel and Rock Garden
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Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Oenothera (Evening Primrose)
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