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Solidago rugosa (Rough Goldenrod)

Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Goldenrod, Roughleaf Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod

Solidago Rugosa, Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Goldenrod, Roughleaf Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed Goldenrod, Roughstem Goldenrod, Fall Flowers, Yellow flowers

Compact and cascading, Solidago rugosa (Rough Goldenrod) is a clump-forming perennial boasting eye-catching arching sprays packed with small, bright yellow flowers in late summer and fall. They are borne at the ends of rough, hairy stems clad with ovate to lanceolate, sharply serrated, green leaves, 4 in. long (10 cm). The upper surfaces of the leaves have a wrinkled appearance due to the indentations of their pinnate veins, hence the name of Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract and support 115 species of insects, including small bees, wasps, flies, small butterflies, skippers, and beetles. The dried seeds provide a food source for birds in fall and winter. Adding a bold splash of color in the late season garden, Rough Goldenrod spreads by rhizomes and self-seeding to form colonies. Easy to grow, low care, and fairly trouble-free, it makes a perfect choice for the sunny border or naturalized areas where it can roam freely. The cultivar ‘Fireworks‘ is more compact, easier to contain, and flowers more vigorously than the species.

  • Grow up to 3-5 ft. tall and wide (90-150 cm).
  • Thrives in full sun or light shade, in average, slightly acidic, medium to wet, well-drained soils. It is not fussy about soils and tolerates clay soils and wet soils.
  • Vital ingredient of late summer and fall borders, cottage gardens, prairies and meadows where it adds color and texture. Also valued for the excellent quality of its cut flowers.
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for rust, powdery mildew or leaf spot. Deer resistant.
  • Division of the basal rosettes, usually in late winter, is the easiest method of propagation.
  • Native to eastern North America.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spacing 48" - 60"
(120cm - 150cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Midwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Northeast, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Southeast, Southwest, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Tolerance Deer, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Solidago (Goldenrod)
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Solidago bicolor (White Goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (Early Goldenrod)
Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)
Euthamia occidentalis (Western Goldentop)
Solidago canadensis (Canada Goldenrod)
Euthamia graminifolia (Grass-Leaved Goldenrod)

Recommended Companion Plants

Panicum virgatum (Switch Grass)
Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Chrysopsis mariana (Maryland Golden Aster)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset)

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Solidago (Goldenrod)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 8
Heat Zones 4 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Compositae
Genus Solidago
Common names Goldenrod
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spread 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spacing 48" - 60"
(120cm - 150cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average, High
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Native Plants Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Midwest, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Northeast, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Southeast, Southwest, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin
Tolerance Deer, Clay Soil, Wet Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Solidago (Goldenrod)
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