Alphabetical Plant Listing

Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet)

Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca


Adding vertical structure to the garden, Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub, simple or densely branched, boasting terminal rosettes of sword-shaped, dagger-like, deep green leaves. Thick and stiff, the evergreen leaves, 2 ft. long (60 cm), feature small, sharp serrations on the margin and a very sharp tip. They are topped in spring or summer with erect clusters, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm), of large nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers, sometimes tinged purplish. Carefree and durable, Spanish bayonet is tolerant of drought, frost, heat, and salt. It is widely cultivated and makes a dramatic landscape statement. Ideal for seaside plantings, it is also a great specimen plant for xeriscape gardens and blends well in either tropical, Mediterranean or arid gardens.

  • Adds architectural height to the garden and grows up to 5-10 ft. high (150-300 cm) and 3-5 ft. wide (90-150 cm).
  • Easily grown in well-drained soils in full sun. Water sparingly, if at all. Spanish Bayonet can also tolerate some shade. Drought tolerant.
  • Deer and rabbit resistant
  • Great for beds and borders, city gardens or Mediterranean gardens.
  • Virtually pest and disease free, but watch for aphids or potential leaf spot
  • Propagate by seed or remove rooted suckers
  • Pruning not normally needed, but damaged leaves and spent flower spikes can be removed as necessary in the spring
  • Native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the US and Mexico from North Carolina to the Yucatán, and also to Bermuda

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Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 12
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Yucca
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' – 10' (150cm – 3m)
Spread 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

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Bob Deering, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 7 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 12
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Yucca
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' – 10' (150cm – 3m)
Spread 3' – 5' (90cm – 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil, Salt
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Mediterranean Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Yucca

Guides with Yucca

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