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Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet)

Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, Aloe Yucca

Yucca aloifolia, Spanish Bayonet, Dagger Plant, evergreen shrub

Adding vertical structure to the garden, Yucca aloifolia (Spanish Bayonet) is a very ornamental, broadleaf evergreen shrub, simple or densely branched, boasting terminal rosettes of sword-shaped, dagger-like, deep green leaves. Thick and stiff, the evergreen leaves, 2 ft. long (60 cm), feature small, sharp serrations on the margin and a very sharp tip. They are topped in spring or summer with erect clusters, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm), of large nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers, sometimes tinged purplish. The blossoms attract hummingbirds, moths and butterflies. Carefree and durable, Spanish bayonet is tolerant of drought, frost, heat, and salt. It is widely cultivated and makes a dramatic landscape statement. Ideal for seaside plantings, it is also a great specimen plant for xeriscape gardens and blends well in either tropical, Mediterranean or arid gardens.

  • Adds architectural height to the garden and grows up to 5-10 ft. high (150-300 cm) and 3-5 ft. wide (90-150 cm).
  • Easily grown in well-drained soils in full sun. Water sparingly, if at all. Spanish Bayonet can also tolerate some shade. Drought tolerant.
  • Deer and rabbit resistant
  • Great for beds and borders, city gardens or Mediterranean gardens.
  • Virtually pest and disease free, but watch for aphids or potential leaf spot
  • Propagate by seed or remove rooted suckers
  • Pruning not normally needed, but damaged leaves and spent flower spikes can be removed as necessary in the spring.
  • Toxic to dogs, toxic to cats, toxic to horses.
  • Native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the US and Mexico from North Carolina to the Yucatán, and also to Bermuda

Yucca: Plant Care and Growing Guide


Here are some tips on how to plant and grow yucca successfully

Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 12
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Asparagaceae
Genus Yucca
Common names Yucca, Spanish Bayonet
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' - 10'
(150cm - 3m)
Spread 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Salt, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden, Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden, City and Courtyard
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Yucca brevifolia (Joshua Tree)
Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ (Adam’s Needle)
Yucca filamentosa ‘Excalibur’ (Adam’s Needle)
Yucca elata (Soaptree Yucca)
Yucca whipplei (Our Lord’s Candle)
Yucca elephantipes (Spineless Yucca)

Recommended Companion Plants

Aeonium arboreum ‘Atropurpureum’
Delosperma cooperi (Ice Plant)
Senecio mandraliscae (Blue Chalksticks)
Dasylirion acrotrichum (Green Desert Spoon)
Borrichia frutescens (Sea Ox-Eye)
Muhlenbergia capillaris (Pink Muhly Grass)
Ipomoea pes-caprae (Railroad Vine)
Gaillardia pulchella (Indian Blanket)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

A Striking Water-Wise Border with Aloe, Cactus and Aeonium
Yucca: Plant Care and Growing Guide
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 7 - 11
Heat Zones 1 - 12
Climate Zones 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Asparagaceae
Genus Yucca
Common names Yucca, Spanish Bayonet
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early, Mid, Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 5' - 10'
(150cm - 3m)
Spread 3' - 5'
(90cm - 150cm)
Spacing 60" (150cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Evergreen
Native Plants United States, Southeast, South Carolina, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina
Tolerance Drought, Deer, Salt, Rabbit, Dry Soil, Rocky Soil
Attracts Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Mediterranean Garden, Informal and Cottage, Coastal Garden, City and Courtyard
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Yucca
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Yucca
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    Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

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