Alphabetical Plant Listing

Achillea (Yarrow)

Common Yarrow, Milfoil, Carpenter's Weed,Tall Yarrow, Fern-Leaf Yarrow (Achillea)


Named after Achilles, hero of the Trojan Wars in Greek mythology, who used yarrow to heal the wounds of his soldiers, Achillea is valued for its pleasantly fragrant, feathery foliage and its long-lasting, conspicuous, flat umbel flowers. Vital ingredient of herbaceous borders, cottage gardens, meadows or prairies, Achillea typically blooms for weeks from late spring to late summer, in a wide range of colors including pinks, reds, creams, yellows and bicolor pastels.

  • Easy caredroughtheathumiditydeer and rabbit tolerant, Achillea are perennial plants treasured by gardeners!
  • Grows up to 3 ft. tall (90 cm) and spreads 18-24 in. (45-60 cm) in sturdy, upright clumps.
  • Achillea thrive in full sun in averagedry to medium moisturewell-drained soilsLight shade is tolerated but best coloring and flowering is obtained in full sun. Dry soils are also tolerated. Avoid rich, moist soils which would cause your Yarrow to get floppy or leggy. Good drainage is essential.
  • Achillea are vital ingredients of herbaceous borderscottage gardensrock gardenscoastal garden or prairie planting. They are also valued for the excellent quality of their cut flowers, whether in bouquets or dried floral arrangements.
  • Yarrows are a must if you are trying to attract butterflies!
  • Deadheading will extend the bloom season and prevent your yarrow from spreading by seed. Cutting back after initial flowering will promote a rebloom. These plants self seed actively and can naturalize quickly if not monitored.

Achillea millefolium (Common Yarrow, Milfoil, Carpenter's Weed)

  • Native to Europe, this plant has been cultivated since the 15th century.
  • Grows up to 1-3 ft. tall (30-90 cm) and exhibits erect stems topped with flat, dense flower heads, about 3 in. wide (7 cm) complemented with strongly aromatic ferny-looking leaves
  • Exists in a wide range of colors including pinks, reds, creams, yellows and bicolor pastels
  • Valued in perennial borders, naturalized areas and for its cut flowers.

Achillea filipendulina (Tall Yarrow, Fern-Leaf Yarrow)

  • Native to Asia, this Achillea has been cultivated since the 19th century and is among the tallest yarrows.
  • May grow up to 2-4 ft tall (60-120 cm) and forms clumps of feathery, aromatic gray-green leaves from which arise erect stems crowned by large, dense, flat flower heads up to 5 in. wide (12 cm).
  • Exists in a range of colors from golden yellow to sulfur yellow
  • May be considered as a specimen plant or massed at the back of the perennial border or in naturalized areas. Excellent as cut flowers or in dried flower arrangements

 

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Achillea - Yarrows
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' - 3' (30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2' (30cm - 60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

By Hetizia, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.

Guide Information

Hardiness 3 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Achillea - Yarrows
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Height 1' - 3' (30cm - 90cm)
Spread 1' - 2' (30cm - 60cm)
Water Needs Low
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Drought, Rabbit, Dry Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Landscaping Ideas Beds and Borders
Garden Styles Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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