Alphabetical Plant Listing

Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn)

Single-Seed Hawthorn, Common Hawthorn, Hedgerow Thorn, May


Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is a small, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown and slightly pendulous branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), and clad with 3-7 lobed, deeply incised, glossy green leaves. In late spring to early summer, a profusion of sweetly scented, creamy-white flowers held in flat sprays provide a spectacular spring floral display. The blossoms are followed by red fruits in fall. This beautiful species is common in hedgerows throughout Great Britain. The young leaves, flower buds and young flowers are all edible and can be added to salads. The haws can be eaten raw but may cause mild stomach upset. They are most commonly used to make jellies, wines and ketchups.

  • Grows up to 30 ft. tall (9 m) and 25 ft. wide (7.5 m).
  • A full sun to part shade lover, this tree is easily grown in moist, well-drained soils. Flowers and fruits best in full sun.
  • Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens, town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.
  • Requires only minimal pruning in late winter or early spring, to remove damaged, diseased or misplaced growth.
  • Keep an eye out for caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, leaf spots and fireblight.
  • Propagate by seed
  • Native to Europe, North Africa, western Asia
  • Can be invasive since it is a prolific seed producer and can form dense thickets which exclude all understory plants.
  • Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Fall
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

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By Maria_OH, LFRabanedo, Peter Turner Photography, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 7
Heat Zones 4 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17
Plant Type Trees
Plant Family Crataegus - Hawthorns
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early)
Fall
Height 25' – 30' (7.5m – 9m)
Spread 20' – 25' (6m – 7.5m)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Fruit & Berries
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Hedges and Screens
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns

Guides with Crataegus - Hawthorns

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