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Ocimum basilicum ‘Persian’ (Persian Basil)

Sweet Basil 'Persian', Persian Basil

All American Selections
Ocimum basilicum 'Persian', Sweet Basil 'Persian', Persian Basil, Big Basil Leaves, Large Basil Leaves

Ocimum basilicum ‘Persian’ (Sweet Basil) is a vigorous annual herb boasting pleasant tasting leaves that are excellent for adding flavor to soups, sauces, fish, and meat dishes. It has a strong, spicy anise-clove flavor. As an added bonus, it is late to produce flowers, which often makes basil develop a bitter taste. While most basils are grown just for their leaves and flavor, Persian Basil is also quite ornamental in the garden thanks to its green foliage, sturdy branches, and large leaves. A popular herb for growing at home, both in gardens and containers.

  • All-America Selections winner (2015).
  • Grows up to 15 in. tall and wide (37 cm).
  • Performs best in light, well-drained, fertile soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Water freely in summer. Basil is extremely frost sensitive.
  • Harvest mature leaves for fresh use at any time.
  • Although Basil naturally repels mosquitoes and flies, it attracts bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects to the garden.
  • Basil is a valuable addition to the vegetable garden and an excellent companion plant for tomatoes, peppers, parsley, lettuce, asparagus, beans, beets, cabbage, eggplant, marigolds, potatoes, or oregano. Avoid planting Basil near Rue (Ruta graveolens) and Sage (Salvia officinalis).
  • While Basil makes a colorful and flavorful addition to many dishes, it can also provide some health benefits. Basil contains many vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants and essential oils. However, all these great compounds disappear during the process of drying, so opt for fresh basil whenever possible to enjoy the most benefits. Basil can help reduce inflammation in the body, lower blood pressure, fight free radicals, and reduce high blood sugar levels. Basil has antibacterial properties. 
  • No serious pest or disease issues. Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, and powdery mildews. Deer and rabbit resistant.
  • Pinch out flowerheads as they appear to ensure continued leaf growth. Cut back after flowering.
  • Propagate by seed in gentle heat in spring under glass or indoors.

Basil: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting


Learn how to plant, grow and harvest basil and add flavor to your favorite recipes

Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 11
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Annuals, Herbs
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Ocimum
Common names Sweet Basil, Basil
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 15" (40cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Ocimum basilicum lettuce leaf (Lettuce Leaf Basil)
Ocimum ‘African Blue’ (African Blue Basil)
Ocimum basilicum ‘Lemon’ (Lemon Basil)
Ocimum basilicum ‘Lime’ (Lime Basil)
Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflora (Thai Basil)
Ocimum basilicum var. minimum ‘Greek’ (Greek Basil)

Recommended Companion Plants

Borago officinalis (Borage)
Matricaria recutita (German Chamomile)
Allium sativum (Garlic)
Origanum vulgare (Oregano)
Tagetes (Marigold)
Tropaeolum (Nasturtium)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

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Basil: Planting, Growing, and Harvesting
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Best and Worst Companion Plants for Basil
Ocimum basilicum (Basil)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 2 - 11
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3
Plant Type Annuals, Herbs
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Ocimum
Common names Sweet Basil, Basil
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Late)
Summer (Early, Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 15" (40cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Plant of Merit
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit
Attracts Bees, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds And Borders, Patio And Containers
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Guides with
Ocimum (Basil)
Not sure which Ocimum (Basil) to pick?
Compare Now

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