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Vaccinium pallidum (Lowbush Blueberry)

Blue Ridge Blueberry, Early Lowbush Blueberry, Hillside Blueberry, Dryland Blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry, Cyanococcus liparis, Cyanococcus pallidus, Cyanococcus subcordatus, Cyanococcus tallapusae, Cyanococcus vacillans, Vaccinium altomontanum, Vaccinium corymbosum var. pallidum, Vaccinium vacillans, Vaccinium vacillans var. crinitum, Vaccinium vacillans var. missouriense, Vaccinium viride

Vaccinium pallidum, Blue Ridge Blueberry, Early Lowbush Blueberry, Hillside Blueberry, Dryland Blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry,
Vaccinium pallidum, Blue Ridge Blueberry, Early Lowbush Blueberry, Hillside Blueberry, Dryland Blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry,
Vaccinium pallidum, Blue Ridge Blueberry, Early Lowbush Blueberry, Hillside Blueberry, Dryland Blueberry, Late Lowbush Blueberry,

Vaccinium pallidum (Lowbush Blueberry) is a low-growing deciduous shrub forming a rounded mound of small, oval to ovate, medium leaves, 1-3 in. long (2-7 cm). The light green to blue-green foliage turns brilliant shades of scarlet or crimson in the fall. Charming pinkish-white tiny flowers appear in mid to late spring. They are pollinated by bumblebees and hummingbird moths. The blossoms give way to edible, sweet, blue-black berries that ripen in early-mid summer. The fruits can be eaten fresh or used to make pies and jellies. They are harvested commercially in Alabama, Georgia, Arkansas, and West Virginia. Songbirds, small mammals, ruffed grouse, and wild turkeys feast on them too. Native to North America, Blue Ridge Blueberry occurs naturally in dry woodlands, forests on slopes, clearings, and thickets. This rhizomatous shrub forms small to extensive colonies and can retard erosion on steep slopes. Both ornamental and edible, Lowbush Blueberry can be massed to form a small-scale groundcover. It is useful for pollinator gardens, edible landscaping, and naturalized areas.

  • Grows up to 12-36 in. tall (30-90 cm) and 24-36 in. wide (60-90 cm).
  • Performs best in full sun to part shade in acidic, dry to mesic, well-drained soils. Grows on sandy or gravelly soils, as well as on heavy clay. If the shade becomes too deep, fruit production will stop. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Great as a groundcover, in shrub borders, or as a low hedge.
  • No serious pest or disease issues.
  • Native to central Canada and the central and eastern United States (from Maine west to Wisconsin and south as far as Georgia and Louisiana) plus the Ozarks of Missouri, Arkansas, southeastern Kansas, and eastern Oklahoma.

Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Vaccinium
Common names Blueberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Rhode Island, Maine, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Kansas, Ohio, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, Alabama, Kentucky, Arkansas, Georgia, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Vaccinium corymbosum Midnight Cascade™ (Blueberry)
Vaccinium darrowii (Darrow’s Blueberry)
Vaccinium elliottii (Elliott’s Blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (Deerberry)
Vaccinium myrsinites (Evergreen Blueberry)
Vaccinium arboreum (Sparkleberry)

Recommended Companion Plants

Rhododendron maximum (Great Laurel)
Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel)
Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen)
Schizachyrium scoparium (Little Bluestem)
Comptonia peregrina (Sweet Fern)
Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

40 Beautiful Native Shrubs for Shade
Blueberries (Vaccinium)
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 3 - 8
Plant Type Shrubs
Plant Family Ericaceae
Genus Vaccinium
Common names Blueberry
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 1' - 3'
(30cm - 90cm)
Spread 2' - 3'
(60cm - 90cm)
Spacing 24" - 36"
(60cm - 90cm)
Maintenance Low
Water Needs Low, Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid
Soil Drainage Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy, Fruit & Berries
Native Plants United States, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Maryland, Rhode Island, Maine, Delaware, Connecticut, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Southwest, Southeast, Midwest, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Kansas, Ohio, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, Alabama, Kentucky, Arkansas, Georgia, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Oklahoma
Tolerance Drought
Attracts Bees, Birds
Garden Uses Ground Covers, Hedges And Screens
Garden Styles Informal and Cottage
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Not sure which Vaccinium (Blueberry) to pick?
Compare Now

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