Alphabetical Plant Listing

Verbena hastata (American Blue Vervain)

American Blue Vervain, American Simpler's Joy, Blue Vervain, Ironweed, Wild Hyssop, Swamp Verbena


Verbena hastata (American Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small lavender purple flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. Bumblebees are among the important pollinators. They attract butterflies and birds as well. They rise above the foliage of lance-shaped, sharply toothed, green leaves. An attractive perennial for the wildlife garden, the border, along streamsides and at pond edges.

  • Grows up to 2-5 ft. high (60-150 cm) and 1-3 ft. wide (30-90 cm). May self-seed in gardens where happy.
  • Performs best in full sun in average, moist but well-drained soils. Drought tolerant .
  • Great for borders, meadows, prairies, native plant gardens or informal/naturalized areas. This is a good plant to locate near a small river or pond.
  • Virtually pest and disease free.
  • Propagate by seed, division or softwood cuttings.
  • Native to North America.

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Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Verbena
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 30" (75cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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© Martin Ogden /www.teddingtongardener.com, Antwon McMullen, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 3 – 9
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Verbena
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 2' – 5' (60cm – 150cm)
Spread 1' – 3' (30cm – 90cm)
Spacing 30" (75cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained, Well-Drained
Characteristics Showy
Native Plants United States, California, Midwest, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Northeast, Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Pacific Northwest, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, Montana, Utah, Wyoming, Southeast, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Southwest, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas
Tolerance Drought, Wet Soil
Attracts Butterflies
Garden Uses Banks and Slopes, Beds and Borders, Ponds and Streams, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Gravel and Rock Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Verbena

Guides with Verbena

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