Alphabetical Plant Listing

Viola x wittrockiana (Pansy)

Pansy, Garden Pansy


Viola x wittrockiana (Pansy) is a biennial or short-lived perennial, often grow as an annual. A most popular bedding plant for cool weather, it boasts large, 2-4 in. across (5-10 cm), rounded, lightly scented flowers with a face pattern. The blossoms come in a wide array of colors, both with and without the characteristic face or blotch. Pansies perform best during the cool days of spring and fall, and will grow and flower all winter in mild winter climates (Zones 8-11). They can bloom up to 4-6 months. Delicate looking, they are tough little plants that tolerate frost. If planted in the fall, they will bloom until the temperatures get too cold and the ground eventually freezes solid, then when the weather warms up in spring, they will persist and bloom again. The exquisite flowers arise from the evergreen foliage of ovate to elliptic medium to dark green leaves. Providing charm and color at a season when few other plants are at their peak, they are great additions to beds, window boxes and containers.

  • Grows up to 6-10 in. tall (15-25 cm) and 10-12 in. across (25-30 cm).
  • A full sun or partial shade lover, it is best grown in fertile, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils.
  • This plant is very versatile and can be used in beds and borders, underplanting shrubs and roses, cottage gardens, city gardens or containers .
  • Keep an eye out for slugs, snails, glasshouse red spider mite, violet gall midge, pansy leaf spot and powdery mildews. Deer resistant.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to promote more blooms. Cut back after flowering.
  • Propagate by seed sown in late winter or early spring.

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Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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Ken Kojima, Diache, Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 6 – 10
Heat Zones 1 – 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Viola - Violets
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Spring (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Winter
Height 6" – 10" (15cm – 25cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Average
Soil Type Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Fragrant, Showy, Evergreen
Tolerance Deer
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Edging, Patio and Containers, Underplanting Roses and Shrubs
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Viola - Violets

Guides with Viola - Violets

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