Alphabetical Plant Listing

Helianthus annuus 'Arikara' (Common Sunflower)

Common Sunflower 'Arikara', Comb Flower 'Arikara', Golden Flower of Peru 'Arikara', St Bartholomew's Star 'Arikara'


A very tall variety, Helianthus annuus 'Arikara' (Common Sunflower) is a fast-growing annual with broad, oval to heart-shaped, roughly hairy leaves. In summer, it produces large, single and multi headed flowers, up to 12-16 in. across (30-40 cm), with brilliant orange or yellow petals surrounding a usually dark chocolate central disk. Borne on sturdy stalks, the flower heads are attractive to bees, butterflies and birds. Named after the Native American tribe that grew it as a food, medicinal, and ceremonial plant, it is easy to grow and sensational at the back of a sunny border. Gardeners also harvest the nutritious edible seeds!

  • Typically grows up to 8-10 ft. tall (240-300 cm) and 24-36 in. wide (60-90 cm). May need support
  • Prefers full sun and enjoys moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist, neutral to alkaline, well-drained soils. Site in a sheltered location, as the wind may catch the heavy heads.
  • Low maintenance, this is an excellent choice for the back of perennial borders where the dazzling flowers are welcomed in any color scheme. Perfectly suited to the cutting garden, or cottage gardens.
  • Attractive to bird, butterflies and bees, it is deer resistant.

Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Gorgeous Sunflowers

Cherished for their beauty, Sunflowers (Helianthus) are striking ornamental annuals or perennial plants grown for their colorful summer and fall blooms. Fast-growing, they can reward you with glamorous blooms between 55 and 100 days after planting. Here are some basic rules that need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers.Read More

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Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 12
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Helianthus - Sunflowers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 8' – 10' (240cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Helianthus - Sunflowers

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hecke / 123RF Stock Photo

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 2 – 11
Heat Zones 1 – 12
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals
Plant Family Helianthus - Sunflowers
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid,Late)
Height 8' – 10' (240cm – 3m)
Spread 2' – 3' (60cm – 90cm)
Spacing 36" (90cm)
Water Needs Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Showy
Tolerance Deer
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Wall-Side Borders
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Helianthus - Sunflowers

Guides with Helianthus - Sunflowers

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