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Monarda didyma x fistulosa ‘Oneida’ (Bee Balm)

Bee Balm 'Oneida', Bergamot 'Oneida'

AGM Award
Monarda 'Oneida',Bee Balm 'Oneida', Bergamot 'Oneida', red Monarda, red bee balm, red flowers
Monarda 'Oneida',Bee Balm 'Oneida', Bergamot 'Oneida', red Monarda, red bee balm, red flowers

A spectacular sight in summer, award-winning Monarda didyma x fistulosa ‘Oneida’ (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of bright scarlet flowers borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Blooming for weeks from mid-summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative chocolate bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. Their vibrant color is set off to perfection by the bright, fresh green leaves, which are delightfully fragrant and can be enjoyed in salads or simply by passing by. Considered to be the best of the red Monardas, ‘Oneida’ is significantly more resistant to powdery mildew than older varieties.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society
  • Grows in clumps of upright stems, up to 3-4 ft tall (90-120 cm)
  • Performs best in full sun or partial shade in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. It is not too fussy about soils, provided they are consistently kept moist. Protect from excessive winter wet and do not allow it to dry out in summer. Providing good air circulation to combat powdery mildew is important.
  • This showy perennial is a striking addition to informal borders or prairies and meadows. The boldness of its blooms makes it terrific for massing or as an accent plant. Great for containers, it makes excellent cut flowers too.
  • Monarda flowers attract streams of butterflies, hummingbirds, and other beneficial pollinators, but this plant is deer and rabbit resistant.
  • Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms. Fast-growing, Monarda spreads vigorously and will need to be divided every 3 years.
  • Should be cut to the ground after flowering to promote the growth of new healthy shoots and leaves.

Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Bee Balm, Scarlet Beebalm, Bergamot
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 30"
(50cm - 80cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
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Alternative Plants to Consider

Monarda media (Purple Bergamot)
Monarda ‘Blue Stocking’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda didyma (Scarlet Bee Balm)
Monarda citriodora (Lemon Bee Balm)
Monarda ‘Raspberry Wine’ (Bee Balm)
Monarda bradburiana (Eastern Bee Balm)

Recommended Companion Plants

Anthemis tinctoria ‘Sauce Hollandaise’ (Golden Marguerite)
Veronicastrum virginicum ‘Diane’ (Culver’s Root)
Filipendula rubra ‘Venusta’ (Queen of the Prairie)
Thalictrum rochebrunianum (Meadow Rue)
Clematis ‘The President’ (Early Large-Flowered Clematis)
Echinacea purpurea ‘Pink Double Delight’ (Coneflower)
Phlox paniculata ‘Blue Paradise’ (Garden Phlox)
Artemisia lactiflora (White Mugwort)
Helenium ‘Waltraut’ (Sneezeweed)
Calamagrostis x acutiflora ‘Karl Foerster’ (Feather Reed Grass)

Find In One of Our Guides or Gardens

A Sparkling Summer Border Idea with Queen of the Prairie, Bee Balm and Culver’s Root
A Cheerful Border Idea with Monarda, Clematis and Artemisia
A Fabulous Perennial Meadow Planting Idea
How to Create an Enchanting Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Butterflies: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
6 Reasons You Should Create a Butterfly Garden
For the Love of Bees: Best Flowers to Attract them to Your Garden
How to Cultivate a Thriving Bee-Friendly Garden
Hummingbird
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Best Flowers to Attract Hummingbirds
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
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Requirements

Hardiness 4 - 9
Heat Zones 1 - 9
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3
Plant Type Perennials
Plant Family Lamiaceae
Genus Monarda
Common names Bee Balm, Scarlet Beebalm, Bergamot
Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Mid, Late)
Fall
Height 3' - 4'
(90cm - 120cm)
Spread 1' - 2'
(30cm - 60cm)
Spacing 18" - 30"
(50cm - 80cm)
Maintenance Average
Water Needs Average
Soil Type Chalk, Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Deer, Rabbit, Clay Soil
Attracts Bees, Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
Garden Uses Beds And Borders
Garden Styles City and Courtyard, Coastal Garden, Informal and Cottage, Prairie and Meadow
How Many Plants
Do I Need?
Explore Great Plant Combination Ideas
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Guides with
Monarda (Bee Balm)
Not sure which Monarda (Bee Balm) to pick?
Compare Now

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