Alphabetical Plant Listing

Rudbeckia hirta 'Toto' (Black-Eyed Susan)

Gloriosa Daisy 'Toto', Black-eyed Susan 'Toto', Yellow Ox-Eye Daisy 'Toto', Brown-Eyed Susan 'Toto', Brown Betty 'Toto', Golden Jerusalem 'Toto', English Bull's Eye 'Toto', Yellow Daisy 'Toto'


Compact, with excellent basal branching, Rudbeckia hirta 'Toto' is a dwarf biennial boasting large,, bright golden-yellow flowers, 3 in. across (8 cm), adorned with a chocolate brown cone. Blooming profusely from early summer to frost, it provides weeks of eye-catching color. The flowers are produced in such quantities that they almost cover the bushy fresh green foliage. An outstanding cut flower, its seed heads have good winter interest unless they are used in dried arrangements.

  • Recipient of the prestigious Award of Garden Merit of the Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Grows in upright clumps up to 12-14 in. tall (30-40 cm) and 10-12 in. wide (25-30 cm). May self seed and remain in the garden.
  • Thrives in full sun in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils. Drought tolerant once established.
  • Ridiculously easy to grow and largely trouble free, this rudbeckia is a great candidate for mixed borders, cutting gardens, or as an accent plant when planted in mass.
  • Deer resistant, the flowers are attractive to pollinating insects, butterflies and birds.
  • Remove and discard spent flowers to encourage extended blooming and prevent unwanted seedlings next season.
  • Easily propagated by seed.

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Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals, Perennials
Plant Family Rudbeckias
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

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By Coin up / Shutterstock

While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.


Requirements

Hardiness 5 – 8
Heat Zones 1 – 7
Climate Zones 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Plant Type Annuals, Perennials
Plant Family Rudbeckias
Exposure Full Sun
Season of Interest Summer (Early,Mid,Late)
Fall
Height 1' – 2' (30cm – 60cm)
Spread 10" – 1' (25cm – 30cm)
Spacing 10" – 12" (25cm – 30cm)
Water Needs Low, Average
Maintenance Low
Soil Type Clay, Loam
Soil pH Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Soil Drainage Moist but Well-Drained
Characteristics Dried Arrangements, Cut Flowers, Plant of Merit, Showy
Tolerance Clay Soil, Deer, Drought, Dry Soil
Attracts Birds, Butterflies
Garden Uses Beds and Borders, Patio and Containers
Garden Styles Cutting Garden, Informal and Cottage, Traditional Garden

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Rudbeckias

Guides with Rudbeckias

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