Highly Salt Tolerant plants for your Florida Native Garden
Plants along the coastline are subject to various environmental stresses such as salinity, strong winds, constant exposure to saline sprays. Here is a list of Florida native plants that are highly tolerant of salty wind and salt spray for your coastal landscape.
Surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico to its west, the Atlantic Ocean to its east, and the Florida Straits to its south, Florida is noted for the natural and scenic beauty of its 1,100-mile coastline bordered by sandy beaches.
Plants along the coastline are subject to various environmental stresses such as salinity, strong winds, and constant exposure to saline sprays. Salt tolerance of a groundcover, vine, shrub, or tree relates to its ability to withstand not only salinity but all of the environmental stresses.
According to the U.S. Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. Invasive species compete directly with native species for moisture, sunlight, nutrients, and space. They displace and alter native plant communities, degrade wildlife habitat and water quality, and potentially lead to increased soil erosion.
The federal government has estimated that nearly 25 percent of the 20,000 plant species native to North America are at risk of extinction, many of these through habitat loss. You can help reverse this trend by planting great native plants in your garden.
A plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a particular region or ecosystem without human introduction. There are many benefits to growing native plants.
- First, these plants are better adapted to soils, moisture, and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world. They need fewer fertilizers, and pesticides or use less water.
- Second, they are unlikely to escape and become invasive, destroying natural habitats.
- Third, they support wildlife, providing shelter and food for native birds and insects, while exotic plants do not.
Here is a list of Florida native plants that are highly tolerant of salty wind and salt spray for your coastal landscape.
- Never collect native plants from the wild as it will deplete natural ecosystems.
- When possible, plant species grown straight from local seed sources. These native originals are the best choice, as they co-evolved with specific wildlife, which supports migration, breeding, and other seasonal interdependencies.
Martina Sliger, SunflowerMomma, Shutterstock
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.