57 Types of Flowers You Should Grow
Discover a stunning variety of flowers! From classic roses to exotic orchids and beyond, explore the endless types of flowers for your garden.
There are several reasons why certain types of flowers have become popular over time. Some have a rich history and cultural significance, while others are appreciated for their beauty, fragrance, or symbolism.
For example, roses are one of the most popular flowers in the world due to their beauty and long history of cultivation dating back to ancient times. They are often associated with love and romance. Similarly, lilies are popular for their beauty and sweet fragrance, as well as their symbolism of purity and rebirth.
Sunflowers are also a popular choice due to their cheerful appearance and the way they turn their heads to follow the sun, while tulips are beloved for their wide range of colors and long-lasting blooms.
The popularity of flowers like these can be attributed to their unique qualities and the emotions and meanings they evoke.
Agapanthus, also known as Lily of the Nile or African lily, is a genus of perennial plants native to South Africa. They are prized for their striking globes of trumpet-shaped flowers in shades of blue, purple, white, and pink, which bloom in mid to late summer. agapanthus has a long history of cultivation, dating back to ancient Greece, where it was believed to have healing properties.
In Greek, Agapanthus means "love flower," symbolizing love and devotion. Agapanthus is also associated with prosperity and good luck.
Agapanthus prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil and can tolerate drought conditions once established. They are popular ornamental plants in gardens and landscapes and can also be grown in containers.
Fun fact: Agapanthus has been cultivated for so long that it is considered naturalized in many parts of the world, including Australia and New Zealand.
Allium is a genus of perennial bulbs in the onion family. It is known for its ornamental value, producing globe-shaped flowers on long, sturdy stems. The flowers come in various colors, including shades of purple, pink, white, and yellow. Throughout history, Allium has been used for both culinary and medicinal purposes and is believed to have healing properties.
In the language of flowers, Allium symbolizes unity, humility, and patience and is often used in flower arrangements to convey these meanings.
Alliums bloom in late spring to early summer, adding a dramatic touch to gardens and landscapes. They prefer full sun and well-drained soil and can tolerate drought conditions.
Fun fact: In addition to being popular ornamental plants, some alliums are used in cooking, such as garlic and chives.
Alstroemeria, commonly known as Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas, is a genus of flowering plants native to South America. These beautiful and vibrant plants are highly valued for their strikingly colored, trumpet-shaped flowers, which bloom in late spring and summer. The flowers come in various shades of pink, purple, orange, red, yellow, and white, often with distinctive markings and freckles. In history, it has been used for medicinal purposes, while in modern times, it is often used in floral arrangements due to its long-lasting blooms.
Alstroemeria symbolizes friendship, devotion, and prosperity, making it a popular gift for various occasions.
Alstroemeria prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. It is a long-lived perennial plant that can grow up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall and is relatively easy to grow.
Fun fact: Alstroemeria is a popular flower for bouquets and floral arrangements because of its long vase life (7-14 days) and the variety of colors available.
Anemones, also known as windflowers, are captivating flowering plants native to various regions, including North America, Europe, and Asia. They are admired for their delicate, poppy-like blooms and graceful foliage. Anemones can be divided into three main groups: spring-flowering, fall-flowering, and tender Mediterranean species. Anemone flowers typically have a central cluster of stamens surrounded by petal-like sepals, creating a simple yet elegant appearance. They come in various colors, including shades of red, pink, purple, blue, and white.
Anemones are often associated with hope, anticipation, and the arrival of new beginnings. They can also symbolize protection from evil, lasting love, and the fragility of life.
Some species, such as Anemone blanda (Grecian windflower) and Anemone nemorosa (wood anemone), bloom in spring, while others, like Anemone hupehensis (Japanese anemone), bloom in the fall.
Anemones prefer partial shade to full sun, depending on the species. They grow best in well-draining, fertile soil. Anemones are often used in borders, rock gardens, woodland plantings, and container gardens, as well as being popular cut flowers for their delicate blooms and elegant appearance.
Fun fact: In ancient mythology, anemones were believed to have sprung from the tears of the goddess Venus.
Asters are attractive flowering plants native to various regions across the globe, including North America, Europe, and Asia. They are valued for their vibrant, daisy-like blooms and their ability to attract pollinators. Aster flowers have a central cluster of tiny disc florets surrounded by petal-like ray florets, creating a classic daisy-like appearance. They come in various colors, including shades of red, pink, purple, blue, and white. Asters can be divided into several main groups, including New England asters, New York asters, and European Michaelmas daisies.
Asters are often associated with love, patience, and the arrival of new beginnings. They are also the birth flower for September, making them a popular choice for birthday bouquets.
Asters typically bloom from late summer to early fall. Their blossoms provide a much-needed burst of color in the garden as the growing season comes to an end.
Asters prefer full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. They are often used in borders, meadow gardens, cottage gardens, and container plantings, making them versatile and adaptable plants for various settings.
Fun fact: Asters have a long history of medicinal and culinary use and have been used to treat everything from headaches to snake bites.
Astilbe is a popular herbaceous perennial plant native to East Asia and North America. It is known for its feathery plumes of flowers that bloom in shades of pink, red, white, and lavender.
The plant is associated with grace and patience, and it is a common choice for wedding bouquets and floral arrangements.
The flowers have a long blooming period, typically from late spring to late summer. They rise above the plant's fern-like foliage, adding texture and color to shady borders and woodland gardens.
Astilbe prefers partial shade to full shade and moist, well-drained soil. It is a low-maintenance plant that can thrive for many years in the right conditions.
Fun fact: Astilbe is sometimes called the "false goat's beard" because of its feathery plumes.
Azaleas are vibrant and popular flowering shrubs belonging to the Rhododendron genus. They are native to various regions across the Northern Hemisphere, including Asia, Europe, and North America, and are highly regarded for their stunning springtime displays. They have been cultivated for their ornamental value for centuries, particularly in Japan and China, where they were used in traditional gardens and artistic designs. Azalea flowers are known for their profusion of blooms that can nearly cover the entire plant. Some azalea varieties are fragrant, making them a delightful addition to gardens and landscapes.
Azaleas are often associated with femininity, beauty, and elegance. They can symbolize fragility, passion, and the ephemeral nature of life. In various cultures, azaleas represent temperance, abundance, and good fortune.
Azaleas typically bloom from late winter to late spring. Their stunning floral displays often coincide with other spring-flowering plants, creating a vibrant and colorful landscape. Azaleas prefer partial shade to full sun and well-draining, acidic soil.
Azaleas are either deciduous or evergreen, depending on the species, with deciduous varieties typically displaying more vibrant fall foliage.
Fun fact: In Chinese culture, azaleas represent womanhood and are often gifted to young women to encourage them to remain pure and modest.
Begonias have been cultivated for their ornamental value for centuries, particularly in Asia, and Central, and South America. They were first discovered by European explorers in the 17th century and later introduced to Europe and other parts of the world. With over 1,800 species and countless hybrids, they are admired for their attractive foliage and vibrant flowers, making them a favorite choice for indoor and outdoor gardens.
Begonia flowers come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, including shades of pink, red, yellow, white, and orange. They can be single or double, with some varieties featuring fringed or ruffled petals. Some begonias are grown primarily for their striking foliage, which can be variegated, textured, or even metallic-looking. Begonias can be divided into three main groups: fibrous-rooted, rhizomatous, and tuberous.
Begonias are often associated with caution, harmony, and balance. They can symbolize gratitude, friendship, and individuality. In various cultures, begonias represent beauty, resilience, and the appreciation of life's fleeting moments.
Begonias typically bloom from late spring to early fall. They thrive in partial shade and require well-draining soil to avoid root rot.
Many begonia varieties are suitable for container gardening, hanging baskets, or indoor cultivation, making them versatile and adaptable plants for various settings.
Fun fact: The petals of some begonia species are so transparent that they can be used to read small print.
Black-eyed Susan, also known as Rudbeckia hirta, is a popular and eye-catching flowering plant native to North America. It is valued for its bright, daisy-like blooms and its ability to attract pollinators. Black-eyed Susans have been cultivated for their ornamental value and used in traditional medicine by Native Americans for centuries. The plants were later introduced to other parts of the world, where they became popular garden plants. Their bold colors make them stand out in the garden. Black-eyed Susans are short-lived perennials or biennials, often grown as annuals in colder climates.
Black-eyed Susans are often associated with encouragement, motivation, and the celebration of life's simple pleasures. They can also symbolize justice, fairness, and the sun's radiant energy.
Black-eyed Susans typically bloom from summer to fall. Their blossoms provide a burst of color in the garden throughout the warm months.
Black-eyed Susans prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining fertile soil. They are adaptable to a range of soil conditions and can tolerate poor, dry soils once established. Black-eyed Susans are often used in borders, meadow gardens, cottage gardens, and container plantings. Their long-lasting blooms also make them popular as cut flowers in floral arrangements.
Fun fact: Native Americans used various parts of the plant for medicinal purposes, such as a poultice to relieve pain or an infusion to treat colds and flu.
California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) is a drought-tolerant wildflower native to California and other parts of North America. It is a short-lived perennial, often grown as an annual, with delicate, feathery foliage and cup-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, and occasionally pink and white. The flowers bloom from late winter to early summer, closing at night and on cloudy days.
California Poppy has a long history of use by Native Americans for its medicinal properties and has been used as the state flower of California since 1903. It is a symbol of the Golden State and is known for its resilience and adaptability.
California Poppy prefers full sun and well-drained soil, making it an excellent choice for rock gardens, containers, and xeriscapes.
Fun fact: California poppies were made famous in the song "California Dreamin'" by The Mamas and the Papas.
Calla lilies, also known as Zantedeschia, are elegant and striking herbaceous perennials characterized by their distinctive, funnel-shaped spathe that surrounds a central, finger-like spadix. They are native to southern Africa and are highly regarded for their unique, elegant flowers that create a sense of sophistication. Calla lilies have been cultivated and admired for their beauty for centuries. They were first introduced to Europe in the late 19th century, where they became popular ornamental plants for gardens and floral arrangements. Calla lilies continue to be a popular choice for weddings, funerals, and other special occasions.
Calla lilies are often associated with purity, innocence, and faith. They can symbolize rebirth, transformation, and the divine. In various cultures, calla lilies represent beauty, elegance, and the cycle of life and death.
Calla lilies typically bloom from summer to fall. They prefer full sun to partial shade and thrive in well-draining, fertile soil.
Fun fact: Calla lilies are not true lilies. In fact, they are not even related to the lily family. They are actually part of the Araceae family, which includes other popular houseplants such as philodendrons and peace lilies.
Camellias are flowering evergreen shrubs or small trees with shiny dark green leaves and showy flowers in shades of pink, red, and white. They are native to China, Japan, and Southeast Asia, where they have been cultivated for centuries. They were introduced to Europe in the 18th century and have since become popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world. The main types of camellias include Camellia japonica, Camellia sasanqua, Camellia x williamsii and Camellia sinensis.
Camellias are associated with love, admiration, and good luck in many cultures and are often given as gifts on special occasions.
Camellias typically bloom in the winter and early spring, with some varieties blooming as early as October and others as late as May. They prefer partial shade to full shade and slightly acidic soil that is well-draining and rich in organic matter.
Fun fact: Camellias are the state flower of Alabama, and the oil extracted from their seeds is used in a variety of cosmetics and skincare products. Some species of camellias are also used to produce tea, such as the popular Chinese tea known as "yabao."
Campanula, commonly known as Bellflowers, is a genus of over 500 species of annuals, biennials, and perennials. Bellflowers are known for their delicate, bell-shaped flowers in shades of blue, purple, pink, and white. Bloom time varies depending on the species, but many varieties bloom in late spring or early summer. Bellflowers have been cultivated for centuries, with many species originating in Europe and Asia.
In folklore, Bellflowers symbolize gratitude, humility, and constancy.
Bellflowers prefer full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. They are commonly found in rock gardens, borders, and cottage gardens.
Fun fact: In folklore, campanula was thought to have magical properties and was used in love spells.
Carnations, also known as Dianthus caryophyllus, are popular and versatile herbaceous perennials commonly grown as annuals or biennials. They are native to the Mediterranean region and have been cultivated for their attractive, fragrant flowers for over 2,000 years. They were used by the ancient Greeks and Romans for ceremonial purposes, as well as in perfumes and cosmetics. The plants were later introduced to other parts of the world, where they became a popular garden plants and a staple in floral arrangements.
Carnations have various symbolisms depending on their color. Pink carnations represent gratitude, while red carnations represent love and admiration. White carnations symbolize purity and luck, while yellow carnations represent disappointment or rejection.
Carnations typically bloom in late spring to summer, but some cultivars can bloom year-round with proper care. Carnations prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained, fertile soil.
Fun fact: Carnations are edible and have a sweet, spicy flavor. They are often used in teas, desserts, and as garnish.
Celosia, also known as cockscomb or woolflowers, are ornamental flowering plants that produce unique, brightly colored blooms. The flowers can be feathery, plumed, or crested, and their colors range from red, orange, yellow, and pink to cream and purple. Celosia is native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia. It is an important crop in many African countries, used for food, medicine, and ornamental purposes. In some cultures, it is believed to have healing properties and is used in traditional medicine.
Celosia is generally associated with warmth, boldness, and creativity due to its vibrant and unique appearance.
Blooming from summer to fall, Celosia prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It is easy to grow and is an excellent choice for mixed borders, cottage gardens, or container gardens.
Fun fact: Celosia is often used as a cut flower and can last up to two weeks in a vase.
Chrysanthemums, often referred to as "mums," are herbaceous perennial plants known for their showy, brightly colored flowers. They have been cultivated for over 2,500 years, particularly in China, where they were grown for their medicinal and ornamental uses. The flowers were later introduced to Japan, where they became the country's national symbol. Chrysanthemums were eventually brought to Europe and North America, where they became popular garden and florist plants.
In many Asian countries, Chrysanthemums symbolize autumn, longevity, and good luck. In the United States and Europe, they are often associated with sympathy and are used in funeral arrangements. However, they can also represent happiness, love, and friendship. The color of the chrysanthemum also has significance, with red representing love and white representing purity and innocence.
Chrysanthemums typically bloom from late summer to late autumn, and their flowers can last up to several weeks. They prefer full sun and well-drained soil and are relatively easy to care for.
Fun fact: in Japan, Chrysanthemums are a symbol of the emperor and the imperial family and are featured prominently in the Imperial Seal and the Imperial Throne.
Clematis is a genus of climbing plants with beautiful, showy flowers that come in a range of colors, including purple, pink, red, white, and blue. There are over 300 species native to many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, and North America. Clematis flowers have a unique shape, with four or more petals that often overlap or curl back. They are a popular choice for vertical gardening and can be trained to climb up trellises, walls, or fences.
In terms of symbolism, clematis is often associated with mental beauty, artifice, and ingenuity.
Clematis bloom in the spring or summer, depending on the species, and prefer full sun to partial shade. Clematis plants can grow in a variety of soils but require good drainage. They are deciduous or evergreen climbers that can reach heights of up to 30 feet (9 meters). Clematis plants typically require support to climb, such as a trellis or wire frame.
Fun facts: Clematis is known as the "Queen of the Climbers" due to its ability to climb and its beautiful, showy blooms. Some clematis varieties have been known to live up to 100 years.
Echinacea, also known as coneflowers, are herbaceous perennial plants native to North America. They are known for their large, showy daisy-like flowers and their ability to attract pollinators. Echinacea has a long history of medicinal use among Native American tribes, who used the plant to treat a variety of ailments, including infections, snakebites, and wounds. Coneflower is a popular plant among gardeners and landscapers, as it is easy to grow and low-maintenance.
Echinacea is often associated with strength, healing, and vitality.
Echinacea blooms from summer to fall. It prefers full sun to partial shade and grows best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter.
Fun fact: Echinacea is often used as a natural remedy for colds and flu, and some studies suggest that it may have immune-boosting properties.
Centaurea, commonly known as cornflowers or bachelor buttons, are easy-to-grow annual or perennial plants. They produce attractive, frilly flowers with a distinctive thistle-like appearance, ranging in color from blue and pink to white and red. The plants have a rich history of medicinal use dating back to ancient Greece and Rome. They were also commonly used in bridal bouquets in the Victorian era, symbolizing the bond of love between two people.
In the language of flowers, cornflower represents delicacy, gratitude, and divine love.
Blooming from late spring to late summer, they prefer full sun and well-drained soil, making them perfect for rock gardens, borders, and containers.
Fun fact: The petals of certain species are edible and have a slightly sweet and spicy flavor, often used to add color to salads or as a garnish.
Crocus is a genus of bulbous perennials in the iris family. They are typically small, with cup-shaped flowers in shades of purple, yellow, white, and blue, with grass-like foliage. Crocuses bloom in early spring, often poking up through the snow, and are among the first flowers to appear. They are a popular choice for winter gardens. Crocuses have a long history of cultivation and were once highly prized by the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Crocuses have a long history and cultural significance, symbolizing spring and rebirth. In ancient Greece, they were associated with the goddess Persephone and the return of spring.
Crocuses prefer full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. They are easy to grow and propagate, making them a popular choice for gardeners.
Fun fact: The dried stigmas of the Crocus sativus species are used to make the spice saffron, which is one of the most expensive spices in the world. It takes over 200,000 Crocus sativus flowers to produce just one pound of saffron.
Daffodils, also known as Narcissus, are cheerful and iconic bulbous perennials native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. They are highly regarded for their bright, trumpet-shaped flowers that signal the arrival of spring. Daffodils have been cultivated and admired for their beauty for thousands of years. They were used in ancient Greece and Rome for medicinal purposes, as well as in perfumes and cosmetics.
Daffodils are often associated with rebirth, new beginnings, and the arrival of spring. They can symbolize hope, renewal, and eternal life. In various cultures, daffodils represent friendship, respect, and unrequited love.
Daffodils bloom in early spring and can last for several weeks. Daffodils thrive in full sun or partial shade and prefer well-drained soil. Planting daffodil bulbs in the fall, about 2-4 weeks before the ground freezes, ensures a beautiful display of flowers in the spring.
Fun fact: Narcissus is named after the Greek mythological figure Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection in a pool of water and became the namesake of the flower because of its reflective qualities.
Dahlias are vibrant and eye-catching tuberous perennials prized for their colorful and showy flowers. They are native to Mexico, Central America, and Colombia and were cultivated by the Aztecs for their edible tubers and ornamental flowers. They were later introduced to Europe in the late 18th century, where they became popular garden plants and the subject of extensive hybridization efforts, resulting in thousands of cultivars.
Dahlias are often associated with elegance, creativity, and inner strength. They can symbolize grace, dignity, and the ability to thrive despite adversity. In various cultures, dahlias represent commitment, enduring bonds, and lasting love.
Dahlias typically bloom from midsummer to late autumn. They prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining fertile soil.
Fun fact: Some dahlia flowers are admired for their impressive sizes, with some blooms reaching up to 12 inches (30 cm) in diameter.
Daisies are charming, versatile, and cheerful perennial flowers, including several species, such as the common daisy, oxeye daisy, and Shasta daisy. They have been appreciated for centuries for their beauty and various medicinal properties. Native to Europe and western Asia, daisies were used in traditional medicine to treat ailments such as coughs, digestive problems, and skin conditions. They were later introduced to other parts of the world, where they have become a popular garden plant. Daisies symbolize innocence, purity, and new beginnings. They are often associated with motherhood and childbirth, as well as loyalty and true friendship. In various cultures, daisies have been used to represent love, hope, and unity.
Daisies bloom from early spring to late autumn, depending on the species and local climate conditions. They are adaptable and can grow in various soil types. Daisies prefer full sun, which means at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. They are generally low-maintenance and can tolerate moderately poor soil conditions.
Fun fact: The name "daisy" comes from the Old English "daes eage," meaning "day's eye," referring to the way the flower opens and closes with the sun.
Hemerocallis, commonly known as daylilies, are perennial flowering plants that are native to Asia but have been widely cultivated and hybridized around the world. Daylilies are known for their showy, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in a range of colors, from white and yellow to pink, red, and purple. Hemerocallis is commonly known as the daylily because each flower only blooms for a day, although there are many buds on each stem that open over time. Daylilies are one of the most popular perennials in North America, and there are thousands of cultivars available in a wide range of colors and sizes. They have a long history of medicinal use in traditional Chinese medicine.
In the language of flowers, the daylily represents coquetry, flirtation, and playfulness.
Daylilies bloom during the summer months and require full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Daylilies are a popular choice in gardens due to their hardiness, low maintenance, and long bloom time.
Fun fact: The daylily is edible and has been used in Chinese cuisine for centuries, especially in soups and stir-fries.
Delphinium, also known as larkspur and bee larkspur, is a group of elegant flowering plants known for their tall, spiky blooms and vibrant colors. Native to the Northern Hemisphere, delphiniums are admired for their striking appearance and ability to add height and drama to garden beds. They are usually grown as perennials but may be short-lived in some climates or with improper care.
Delphiniums are often used as a focal point in the garden due to their impressive height and vibrant colors. They are popular in borders, cottage gardens, and cutting gardens. Their stunning, long-lasting blooms also make them popular as cut flowers in floral arrangements.
Delphiniums are often associated with lightness, levity, and the joy of life. They can also symbolize courage, protection, and the pursuit of high aspirations, due to their tall, upright growth habit.
Delphiniums typically bloom from late spring to early summer. Some varieties can have a second flush of blooms in late summer or early fall with proper care. They prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining fertile soil.
Fun fact: The name "delphinium" comes from the Greek word "delphis", which means dolphin. This is because the shape of the flower's nectar spur resembles a dolphin.
Dusty Miller (Senecio cineraria) is a silvery-leaved perennial subshrub often grown as an annual. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region and produces attractive, finely-cut, silver-gray foliage. Dusty Miller does not produce showy flowers, but its leaves are the main attraction. They create a beautiful contrast in any garden bed or container planting. Dusty miller is often used as a decorative filler in gardens and floral arrangements, providing a contrast to other brightly colored flowers. It has a rich history, and its leaves have been used for medicinal purposes in the past.
Dusty Miller is a symbol of strength, perseverance, and wisdom.
It thrives in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained soil. It is easy to grow, low-maintenance, and drought-tolerant.
Fun fact: Senecio cineraria is commonly known as Dusty Miller due to the appearance of its leaves, which have a soft, grayish-white coating that gives them a dusty look.
Eryngium, commonly known as Sea Holly or Eringo, is a genus of annual and perennial flowering plants. They are notable for their thistle-like appearance, with silver-blue or steel-gray flowers surrounded by spiny bracts. Eryngium plants have a long history of use in traditional medicine, particularly for their anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties.
As a symbol, Eryngium represents strength, endurance, and independence.
The flowers bloom from midsummer to early fall and are popular with pollinators such as bees and butterflies. Eryngium prefers full sun and well-draining soil and is tolerant of drought and heat. The plant is often used in dried flower arrangements and wreaths.
Fun fact: In folklore, Eryngium was used for protection against evil spirits and for medicinal purposes.
Freesia is a fragrant and popular spring-blooming bulbous plant with funnel-shaped flowers that grow on long, slender stems. The flowers come in a wide range of colors, including white, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple, and blue, and often have a contrasting color on the throat. Native to South Africa, they were first discovered in the 1800s and have since become a popular cut flower due to their beauty and sweet fragrance.
Freesia is associated with friendship, trust, and innocence.
Freesias typically bloom in spring and summer and prefer full sunlight and well-draining soil. They are easy to grow, low maintenance, and can be grown in pots or in the garden.
Fun fact: Freesia flowers are popular as cut flowers due to their lovely scent and long vase life (up to 3 weeks).
Gardenias are elegant and aromatic evergreen shrubs or small trees native to tropical and subtropical regions. They are highly prized for their beautiful, highly fragrant flowers and attractive, glossy foliage. The flowers exude a sweet, intoxicating scent that is particularly noticeable at night or in the early morning.
Gardenias are often associated with love, purity, and refinement. They are often used in wedding bouquets and other romantic settings.
Gardenias typically bloom in late spring and summer. They prefer partial to full sun and thrive in well-draining, fertile soil. Gardenias can be grown as both indoor and outdoor plants and are popular as both landscape plants and container plants.
Fun fact: Gardenias are often used in corsages, boutonnieres, and other floral arrangements due to their long-lasting blooms, fragrance, and symbolic significance.
Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are versatile and colorful flowering plants native to South Africa. They are prized for their vibrant, showy flowers and attractive, often fragrant foliage. Pelargoniums were first discovered by European explorers in South Africa in the 17th century and later introduced to Europe, where they became a popular garden and houseplant. Many hybrids and cultivars have been developed over the years, resulting in a wide range of flower forms, colors, and plant habits.
Pelargoniums can be divided into several main groups, including zonal, ivy-leaved, regal, and scented-leaf varieties. Each group has distinct growth habits, appearance, and care requirements.
Pelargoniums are often associated with good health, friendship, and happiness. They can symbolize comfort, positive energy, and the appreciation of simple pleasures. In various cultures, pelargoniums represent warmth, determination, and resilience
Pelargoniums typically bloom from summer to fall. They prefer full sun to partial shade and thrive in well-draining, fertile soil. Many pelargonium varieties are suitable for container gardening, hanging baskets, or indoor cultivation, making them versatile and adaptable plants for various settings.
Fun fact: Pelargoniums are often used as a natural insect repellent due to the oils they produce, which are unpleasant to many insects.
Gerbera also known as the African Daisy or Transvaal Daisy is the fifth most popular cut flower in the world, following roses, carnations, chrysanthemums, and tulips. It is native to South Africa but is now widely cultivated for its stunning, colorful flowers that come in a variety of shades, such as pink, yellow, orange, red, and white.
Gerbera flowers are often associated with happiness, innocence, and purity due to their vibrant colors and cheerful appearance. They are commonly used in bouquets and floral arrangements to convey a sense of joy and positivity.
Gerberas typically bloom from late spring to early fall, but the bloom time may vary depending on the climate and specific cultivars.
Gerbera plants require full sun to part shade for optimal growth, with at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight per day. They thrive in well-draining, fertile soil.
Fun fact: Gerbera plants are known to be good air purifiers, as they absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which can improve indoor air quality.
Gladiolus, also known as sword lily, is a striking bulbous perennial native to South Africa, Europe, and Asia. It s highly regarded for its tall, dramatic flower spikes and wide range of colors. Gladiolus have been cultivated for their ornamental value for centuries, particularly in Europe and South Africa, where they were used as cut flowers and for their potential medicinal properties. They come in various colors, including shades of red, pink, purple, yellow, orange, and white, as well as bi-colored or patterned varieties. The flowers open from the bottom to the top of the spike, creating a striking display.
Gladiolus is the birth flower for August and symbolizes strength, honor, and moral integrity
Gladiolus typically blooms in summer and prefers full sun and well-drained soil. Staggered planting can result in continuous blooms throughout the growing season. Gladiolus are often used in borders, cutting gardens, and as a focal point in garden design due to their tall, dramatic flower spikes and wide range of colors.
Fun fact: In the Victorian era, giving someone a bouquet of gladiolus was a way of telling them that they had pierced the giver's heart with their love.
Hellebores (Helleborus) are a group of herbaceous perennial plants known for their beautiful, cup-shaped flowers that bloom in late winter or early spring. They come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, purple, green, and even black. Also known as Christmas rose or Lenten rose, they are native to Europe and Asia. Hellebores have a long history of cultivation and were highly prized by ancient Greeks and Romans. They were also used for medicinal purposes in medieval times.
Hellebores are often associated with Christmas and are sometimes called the Christmas rose. In Victorian times, they were given as a symbol of scandal and scandalous behavior.
Hellebores prefer partial to full shade and well-drained, fertile soil. They are generally low-maintenance plants and are often used in woodland or shade gardens. They also make a great addition to winter gardens.
Fun Fact: Hellebores are sometimes called "Lenten roses" because they often bloom around the beginning of Lent.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants that includes both annual and perennial species. They are native to temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions throughout the world. They have been cultivated for their ornamental value and their medicinal properties for centuries. The flowers of hibiscus plants are large, showy, and come in a variety of colors, including red, pink, yellow, and white. They have five petals and a prominent central stamen and attract hummingbirds and butterflies. They are also commonly used for making tea, which has been shown to have a variety of health benefits. There are 2 main types of hibiscus: hardy hibiscus and tropical hibiscus.
In many cultures, the hibiscus flower is a symbol of beauty, love, and femininity.
Hibiscus flowers typically bloom from summer to fall. They thrive in full sun to partial shade and prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.
Fun fact: In Hawaii, the hibiscus flower is the state flower, and is often used in leis.
Hyacinths, also known as Hyacinthus, are highly fragrant and eye-catching bulbous perennials native to the eastern Mediterranean region. They are admired for their vibrant, dense flower spikes and sweet, floral scent that can fill the air in their vicinity. Hyacinths have been cultivated for their ornamental value since ancient times, particularly in Greece and Rome, where they were used in religious ceremonies and traditional medicine.
Hyacinths are often associated with playfulness, rebirth, and renewal. They can symbolize sincerity, constancy, and the triumph of love over adversity. In various cultures, hyacinths represent joy, hope, and the appreciation of natural beauty.
Hyacinths typically bloom in early to mid-spring, usually for two to three weeks. They prefer full sun to partial shade and thrive in well-draining, fertile soil. Hyacinths are often used in borders, rock gardens, and container plantings, as well as being forced to bloom indoors during the winter months for a touch of spring fragrance and color.
Hydrangea (Hydrangea spp.) is a genus of flowering shrubs and vines known for their large, showy flower clusters and attractive foliage. There are about 70-75 species, mostly originating from Japan, China, and the United States. They have been cultivated for hundreds of years for their ornamental value and, in some cases, medicinal use. The most popular hydrangea types include mophead hydrangea, smooth hydrangea, oakleaf hydrangea, and panicle hydrangea.
Hydrangeas typically bloom from late spring to early fall. They generally prefer well-draining, loamy soil in partial shade, especially during hot afternoons, but they can tolerate full sun if they receive enough moisture.
Fun Fact: Hydrangeas are known for their ability to change flower color depending on soil pH, which is a unique trait among flowering plants.
Irises are elegant and diverse flowering plants native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the majority of species found in Europe, Asia, and North America. Irises have been cultivated and admired for their beauty for thousands of years. They have held cultural and religious significance in various civilizations, such as ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Irises have been used in traditional medicine, as well as in perfumes and cosmetics, and have been a popular subject in art and literature. There are several types of irises, including bearded, Siberian, Japanese, and Louisiana irises, each with its own unique characteristics and care requirements.
Irises are often associated with wisdom, hope, and faith. They can symbolize communication, inspiration, and the divine. In various cultures, irises represent valor, victory, and the afterlife.
Irises typically bloom from late spring to early summer, depending on the species and cultivar. Some varieties, such as reblooming irises, may bloom again in the late summer or early fall. Most prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining, fertile soil.
Fun fact: In ancient times, the iris was considered a symbol of power and majesty, and its three petals were said to represent faith, wisdom, and valor. The fleur-de-lis, a stylized version of the iris, has been used as a symbol of royalty and power for centuries.
Lavender (Lavandula) has been cultivated for thousands of years for its fragrant flowers and essential oil, which have various medicinal, culinary, and cosmetic uses. It was used by ancient Egyptians in the mummification process and later by Greeks and Romans for its soothing and healing properties. Lavender symbolizes purity, devotion, serenity, grace, and calmness. In Victorian times, it was used to convey feelings of love and admiration in the language of flowers. Its lovely purple flowers and sweet fragrance make it a popular choice for gardens and floral arrangements. There are around 47 species of Lavandula, with the most commonly grown species being Lavandula angustifolia (English lavender), Lavandula stoechas (Spanish Lavender) and Lavandula x intermedia (lavandin).
Lavender typically blooms from late spring to late summer. It prefers well-draining, sandy, or loamy soil and thrives in full sun, requiring at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day for optimal growth and flower production.
Fun Fact: Lavender is a natural insect repellent, helping to keep pests like mosquitoes and moths at bay in gardens and homes.
Liatris, also known as Blazing Star or Gayfeather, is a genus of perennial plants native to North America. There are over 40 species of liatris, with a wide range of colors and sizes. These plants produce long, slender stems topped with showy, bottle-brush-like flower spikes. The flowers, which bloom from mid to late summer, are small and densely packed, usually in shades of purple, pink, or white. Liatris is a popular flower among pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. In Native American cultures, the plant was used for medicinal purposes, and the roots were chewed as a treatment for heart and lung ailments. In modern times, liatris is popular in wildflower gardens and as a cut flower.
The plant holds symbolic meaning for some Native American tribes, representing strength and perseverance.
Liatris grows best in full sun and well-drained soil and is relatively easy to grow and care for.
Fun fact: The plant was used by Native American tribes for medicinal purposes, such as treating snake bites and digestive issues.
Lilac (Syringa) is a genus of shrubs and small trees that are prized for their fragrant, colorful flowers. The flowers come in shades of purple, pink, white, and blue and are arranged in large clusters on the branches. They can grow up to 15 feet (4.5 meters) tall, and their flowers can last for several weeks. Lilacs are native to Europe and Asia but have been cultivated in gardens around the world for centuries. They were first introduced to North America in the 1700s by early European settlers.
Lilac is a symbol of love, romance, and springtime.
Lilacs bloom in the spring, typically in late April or early May, depending on the climate and the specific variety. They prefer full sun but can tolerate some light shade. They thrive in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter and require little maintenance once established.
Fun fact: Some species of lilacs are edible and can be used to flavor drinks or desserts.
Lilies (Lilium) are highly popular perennial flowers known for their striking beauty and intoxicating fragrance. They are native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the majority of species found in Asia. Lilies have been cultivated and admired for their beauty for centuries. They have held cultural and religious significance in various civilizations, such as ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Lilies have been used in traditional medicine, as well as in perfumes, cosmetics, and culinary dishes. There are several types of lilies, including Asiatic, Oriental, Trumpet, and Martagon, each with its own unique characteristics and care requirements.
Lilies are often associated with purity, innocence, and rebirth. They can symbolize motherhood, fertility, and the transition of the soul. In various cultures, lilies represent love, passion, and devotion.
Lilies typically bloom from late spring to late summer. Lilies prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining fertile soil.
Fun fact: In ancient Greek mythology, lilies are associated with the goddess Hera, who was believed to be the queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage and childbirth. Legend has it that when Zeus, her husband, had a child with another woman, Hera scattered the baby's parts across the earth. Lilies are said to have sprung up from where each of the baby's parts landed, symbolizing purity and innocence.
Marigolds (Tagetes) are vibrant flowering plants native to North and South America and are highly regarded for their bright, cheerful flowers and easy-care nature. Marigolds have been cultivated and valued for their beauty, medicinal properties, and cultural significance for centuries. They were used by the Aztecs in religious ceremonies and traditional medicine, as well as for ornamental purposes.
Marigolds are often associated with the sun, warmth, and positive energy. They can symbolize passion, creativity, and the celebration of life. In various cultures, marigolds represent love, remembrance, and the honoring of the dead, particularly in Mexico's Day of the Dead (Día de Muertos) celebrations.
Marigolds typically bloom from late spring to fall, and the pungent foliage helps deter pests. They prefer full sun and thrive in well-draining fertile soil. Marigolds are easy to grow, tolerant of heat and drought, and attractive to pollinators.
Most marigolds are annual plants, meaning they complete their life cycle in one growing season and need to be replanted each year.
Fun fact: Marigolds are edible and are sometimes used as a natural food c
|Plant Type||Annuals, Bulbs, Climbers, Orchids, Perennials, Roses, Shrubs|
tratong, Shutterstock, Ibulb
While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources.
|Plant Type||Annuals, Bulbs, Climbers, Orchids, Perennials, Roses, Shrubs|