Aeonium, a genus in the Crassulaceae family, comprises about 35 species of subtropical succulents, primarily from the Canary Islands.
- Habit: Aeoniums have a unique growth habit that sets them apart from other succulents. They form neat rosettes of fleshy, spoon-shaped leaves, resembling a large, blooming flower. The rosettes perch atop bare stems, creating a tree-like appearance in mature plants. Depending on the species and variety, Aeoniums can grow anywhere from a few inches to several feet in height.
- Hardiness: Most Aeoniums are not frost-tolerant and thrive best in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-11. However, they can be grown indoors in colder climates or moved outside during the summer months.
- Flowers: Aeoniums produce bright, star-shaped flowers in a conical inflorescence. The flower color varies from white to yellow and occasionally pink or red, depending on the species. They typically bloom in late winter to early spring.
- Uses: Aeoniums are ideal for rock gardens, succulent gardens, and containers. Their dramatic form and easy care make them popular in landscape design, particularly in areas with a Mediterranean climate. Smaller species are well-suited for dish gardens or as a ground cover.
- Benefits: As drought-tolerant plants, Aeoniums can help reduce water usage in the garden. Their attractive form and foliage color provide visual interest year-round. They’re also great for attracting pollinators like bees and butterflies when in bloom.
In summary, Aeoniums are an appealing choice for gardeners looking to add architectural interest to their gardens. Their easy-care nature and resistance to drought make them excellent candidates for water-wise landscaping and potted displays.