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Plant Families / Eriogonum - Buckwheat


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Eriogonum - Buckwheat

Eriogonum (Buckwheat) is a genus of annuals, biennals, and evergreen perennials, sub-shrubs and shrubs, grown for their dense terminal clusters of flowers and rosettes of hairy, often silver or white leaves. Sitting atop the branches, the ball-shaped flowers bloom over a long period, eventually fading through pretty shades of tan, camel, caramel to rust-red. They reward gardeners with seemingly never-ending color and interest. The blossoms are some of the most popular nectar sources for butterflies and beneficial insects. Thriving in full sun and well-drained soils, Buckwheats are low maintenance and drought, heat, and wind tolerant. They are great for covering dry banks or massing in rock gardens. The striking spent blooms may be used in dried bouquets.

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Eriogonum arborescens (Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat)

Striking year-round, Eriogonum arborescens (Santa Cruz Island Buckwheat) is an evergreen shrub of compact mounding habit, with fingerlike, fuzzy, silvery-gray leaves at the tips of the branches. Profuse tiny pink and white flowers held in dense, flat-topped clusters bloom for months from late spring to fall.

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Eriogonum fasciculatum (California Buckwheat)

Eriogonum fasciculatum (California Buckwheat) is an evergreen shrub of variable appearance, from open and upright to dense and mounding, with tufts of linear leaves along the branches. Profuse tiny pink and white flowers held in dense, frilly clusters bloom for months from late spring to fall.

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Eriogonum giganteum (St. Catherine's Lace)

Noted for its long period of bloom, Eriogonum giganteum (St. Catherine's Lace) is a large evergreen shrub of sprawling or rounded habit, with repeatedly forked branches clothed near their tips with spoon-shaped leaves, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), silver-green above and wooly white beneath. Profuse tiny creamy-white flowers held in huge, flat-topped clusters bloom for months from late spring to fall.

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Eriogonum latifolium (Seaside Buckwheat)

Eriogonum latifolium (Seaside Buckwheat) is a small, mounding, evergreen perennial or sub-shrub with soft, oval, silvery-green leaves densely felted beneath. Profuse lollipop-looking flower heads in shades of white, cream, and pink bloom for months from late spring to fall. Rich in nectar, they attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators.

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Eriogonum nudum (Naked Buckwheat)

Eriogonum nudum (Naked Buckwheat) is a tough perennial shrub forming a ground-hugging rosette of flat green leaves. From late spring through summer, the plant sends up slender, leafless stems, often dividing into two or more stems towards the top half. They rise up to 5 ft. (150 cm) above the foliage mound. On these bare stems sit rounded clusters of white, pale pink, or yellow flowers. Rich in nectar, the pom-pom blossoms attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators.

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Eriogonum umbellatum (Sulphur Buckwheat)

A very bright addition to hot, dry gardens, Eriogonum umbellatum (Sulphur Buckwheat) is an evergreen to semi-evergreen perennial forming a broad mat of woody stems set with small, vertical, spatula-shaped leaves, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), that are green above, white and felted beneath. The foliage warms us to red tones in the fall, extending the season of interest of the plant.

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