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Plant Families / Eucalyptus


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Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus is a genus of trees and shrubs native to Australia and widely cultivated in other regions of the world due to its many benefits and uses. There are over 700 species ranging from small shrubs to tall trees that can grow over 300 feet (9 m) in height.
Depending on the species, they display architectural shapes, striking bark, great-looking foliage, often aromatic, and clusters of small, white, yellow, or red flowers.

Eucalyptus is known for its distinctive, aromatic foliage and its ability to thrive in various conditions, including poor soil and harsh climates. It is widely used for its oil extracted from the leaves and for medicinal and aromatic purposes. Eucalyptus oil has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties and is used to treat various ailments, including respiratory infections and skin conditions.

In addition to its medicinal uses, Eucalyptus is also valued for its wood used for construction, paper production, and firewood. Eucalyptus wood is also used as a source of food and shelter for wildlife, including koalas, which feed on the leaves of the trees.

Eucalyptus is also a popular ornamental plant, grown for its distinctive foliage and bark, ranging from smooth to rough and colorful. Shrubs and trees are fast-growing and can be easily pruned to maintain their shape, making them a popular choice for urban landscapes and parks.
Eucalyptus is generally easy to care for, prefers full sun and well-drained soil, and can tolerate drought once established. They make beautiful windbreaks, shade, or specimen trees and are long-lived and deer resistant. However, it is important to protect young trees from frost, as they are more sensitive to cold temperatures.

In conclusion, Eucalyptus is a versatile and valuable tree species with many uses and benefits. Its aromatic oil, wood, and ornamental value make it an important species in many industries and ecosystems. With proper care, Eucalyptus trees can thrive and bring beauty and value to any landscape.

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Corymbia citriodora (Lemon-Scented Gum)

Corymbia citriodora (Lemon-Scented Gum) is a tall evergreen tree of upright habit, adorned with a straight trunk and a thin, graceful crown of drooping foliage. The lemon-scented foliage is narrow, lance-shaped, golden-green, 3-7 in. long (7-17 cm), and used to produce citronella oil, which is favored in perfumery.

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Corymbia ficifolia (Red Flowering Gum)

Noted for its spectacular floral show, Corymbia ficifolia (Red Flowering Gum) is a moderately fast-growing evergreen tree boasting a profusion of bright flower clusters in summer, and sporadically throughout the year. The flowers come in a warm range of colors, including red, pink, orange, and white, and can be bicolor. They are so abundant that they almost hide the foliage. They attract small and large nectar-loving wildlife.

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Eucalyptus cinerea (Argyle Apple)

Eucalyptus cinerea (Argyle Apple) is an evergreen tree of rounded habit, boasting a lovely fibrous or furrowed, reddish-brown bark which peels on smaller stems. The aromatic foliage is silvery blue-green and rounded when juvenile, resembling large coins. The adult leaves are long, narrow and mid-green.

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Eucalyptus coccifera (Tasmanian Snow Gum)

Eucalyptus coccifera (Tasmanian Snow Gum) is a spreading, evergreen tree boasting beautiful twisted branches and striking, smooth mottled bark, a lovely mix of light gray to creamy-white, often tinged with pink. The peppermint scented foliage is heart-shaped when juvenile, lance-shaped, blue-green when adult.

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Eucalyptus dalrympleana (Mountain Gum)

Fast-growing and stately, Eucalyptus dalrympleana (Mountain Gum) is a large evergreen tree of upright, columnar habit adorned with a straight, smooth, creamy white trunk. Rich with a fresh Eucalyptus scent with hints of cinnamon, the aromatic foliage is ovate, copper-tinged when young, becoming blue-green when juvenile, changing to long, curved, drooping, blue-green when adult.

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Eucalyptus deglupta (Rainbow Gum)

Fast-growing, Eucalyptus deglupta (Rainbow Gum) is a large evergreen tree noted for its incredibly colorful bark. Smooth, its orange bark peels in summer to reveal multicolor streaks of blue, purple, orange and maroon. Young trees have a conical crown with a leader and almost horizontal branches.

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Eucalyptus gunnii (Cider Gum)

One of the fastest-growing and hardiest Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus gunnii (Cider Gum) is a large evergreen tree of upright, conical habit adorned with a dense canopy and smooth bark, flaking off in large pieces, cream, pinkish and brown. Rich with a sweet fragrance, the aromatic foliage is rounded, bright silver-blue when juvenile, lance-shaped, and blue-green when adult.

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Eucalyptus kruseana (Bookleaf Mallee)

Slow-growing, Eucalyptus kruseana (Bookleaf Mallee) is an attractive small evergreen tree or multi branched shrub of rounded habit. It is noted for its unusual and ravishing foliage of rounded silvery-blue leaves closely stacked in pairs along the stems. The closely packed foliage has given rise to the common name. In spring, abundant clusters of creamy-yellow flowers surround the branches like floral bracelets.

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Eucalyptus nicholii (Narrow-leaved Peppermint)

Widely planted in California and Australia, Eucalyptus nicholii (Narrow-leaved Peppermint) is a vigorous evergreen tree adorned with a spreading crown, ascending branches, and deeply furrowed, reddish-brown bark.

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Eucalyptus pauciflora (Snow Gum)

Long-lived, Eucalyptus pauciflora (Snow Gum) is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree of spreading habit, boasting beautiful twisted branches adorned with creamy-white, pale gray and green smooth bark, peeling in cinnamon strips. The bark is red on young branches, creating a glorious display.

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Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. debeuzevillei (Jounama Snow Gum)

Noted for its large silver-green leaves, Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. debeuzevillei (Jounama Snow Gum) is a small, single or multi-stemmed, evergreen tree of open habit. It boasts a fantastic smooth bark flaking in ribbons from both the trunk and branches into shiny white, cream, green and gray patches.

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Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. niphophila (Alpine Snow Gum)

Exceptionally hardy, Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. niphophila (Alpine Snow Gum) is a small evergreen tree or large shrub of open habit, boasting a fantastic smooth bark flaking in ribbons into cream, gray and green patches. The bark is red on young branches, creating a glorious display.

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Eucalyptus perriniana (Spinning Gum)

Fast-growing, Eucalyptus perriniana (Spinning Gum) is a small evergreen tree or large shrub of open, spreading habit adorned with smooth bark, flaking in ribbons, off-white, gray, or green. Rich with a sweet, menthol-like fragrance, the aromatic foliage is rounded bluish-green when juvenile, lance-shaped, pendulous, and silver-green when adult.

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Eucalyptus pulverulenta 'Baby Blue' (Florist Silver Dollar)

Incredibly popular amongst florists, Eucalyptus pulverulenta 'Baby Blue' (Florist Silver Dollar) is a small evergreen tree or sprawling shrub of open, spreading habit adorned with a ravishing foliage of blue-gray rounded leaves. Unlike many Eucalypti, it retains its juvenile rounded foliage into maturity. Highly scented, the leaves and stems are covered in a white waxy powder making them last a long time in a vase.

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Eucalyptus rubida (Candlebark)

One of the hardiest Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus rubida (Candlebark) is a medium to large evergreen tree of rounded to spreading habit, adorned with smooth white bark, flaking off in ribbons, burgundy, cinnamon-brown, with pink to salmon hues.

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