Plant Family / Fritillaria

 

Fritillaria Imperialis, Crown Imperial, Spring bloom, Fritillaria Lutea Maxima, Fritillaria Rubra Maxima, Fritillaria persica, Fritillaria Meleagris, Persian Bell, Snake's Head Fritillaria

Fritillaria

The genus, Fritillaria consists of almost 100 species. All of these are found in the northern hemisphere, with the main habitats being the areas around the Mediterranean. Only a limited number are being cultivated, but interest in this genus is very much on the rise. All of them exhibit bell-shaped flowers, generally hanging downwards from the top of upright stems which bear narrow leaves. Deer and critter resistant, they are great choices for borders and perennial beds.


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Great Plant Combination Ideas with Fritillaria

Fritillaria Guides


Fritillaria acmopetala (Pointed-Petal Fritillary)

Native to Cyprus, Fritillaria acmopetala (Pointed-Petal Fritillary) is a bulbous perennial with up to 1-2 nodding, pale green, broadly bell-shaped flowers per stem, streaked with rich maroon and reflex at the tip.

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Fritillaria camschatcensis (Chocolate Lily)

An exceptional species, Fritillaria camschatcensis (Chocolate Lily) is a showy bulbous perennial with sturdy stems clothed in lance-shaped, glossy deep-green leaves mostly arranged in whorls down the stem. In spring to midsummer, up to 8 large, nodding, deep blackish-purple flowers, sometimes streaked or spotted with yellow, are borne at the stem tips.

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Fritillaria elwesii (Lebanese Fritillary)

Native to southern Turkey, Fritillaria elwesii (Lebanese Fritillary) is a bulbous perennial with nodding, pale green, broadly bell-shaped flowers, streaked with rich maroon that sweep out to flaring edges. Blooming in late winter to mid spring, the eye-catching flowers display occasional hints of gold in the throat.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Aurora' (Crown Imperial)

Shorter than most crown imperials, Fritillaria imperialis 'Aurora' is a bulbous perennial boasting a beautiful display of bright golden-orange, pendant, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Bach' (Crown Imperial)

Noted for its dwarf size, Fritillaria imperialis 'Bach' (Crown Imperial) is a bulbous perennial boasting a beautiful display of bright orange-red, pendant, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Beethoven' (Crown Imperial)

Noted for its dwarf size, Fritillaria imperialis 'Beethoven' (Crown Imperial) is a bulbous perennial boasting a beautiful display of dusky orange-red, pendant, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Brahms' (Crown Imperial)

Noted for its dwarf size, Fritillaria imperialis 'Brahms' (Crown Imperial) is a bulbous perennial boasting a beautiful display of bright salmon-pink, pendant, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Maxima Lutea' (Crown Imperial)

Award-winner Fritillaria imperialis 'Maxima Lutea' is a most impressive bulbous herbaceous perennial with its beautiful display of yellow pendent, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising high at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'Rubra Maxima' (Crown Imperial)

Fritillaria imperialis 'Rubra Maxima' makes quite a statement in the garden! This striking bulbous herbaceous perennial features a beautiful display of caramelized orange-red pendent, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising high at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves.

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Fritillaria imperialis 'The Premier' (Crown Imperial)

This striking bulbous herbaceous perennial features a beautiful display of apricot-orange pendent, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves and rising high at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves. Grows up to 40-44 inches tall (100-110 cm) and blooms for 2-3 weeks in mid-late spring.

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Fritillaria imperialis (Crown Imperial)

Native to such locations as Turkey, Iran and Afghanistan, Fritillaria imperialis grows up to 40-44 inches tall (100-110 cm) in a beautiful display of orange, yellow or red pendant, bell-shaped flowers topped by a crown of small leaves; this striking ensemble rises high at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped, glossy leaves. Blooming occurs in mid to late spring and lasts for 2-3 weeks.

Fritillaria meleagris (Checkered Lily)

Adding a burst of color to your spring, Fritillaria meleagris (Checkered Lily) features 1 or 2 nodding flowers per stem, generally presenting an interesting checkerboard pattern of dark purples and whites - although all-white varieties are also available.

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Fritillaria meleagris var. unicolor subvar. alba (Checkered Lily)

Fritillaria meleagris 'Alba' (Checkered Lily) is a bulbous perennial with charming pendent, pure white, bell-shaped flowers on slender stems in mid to late spring. Its pure white petals are adorned with a faint check pattern like a watermark.

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Fritillaria michailovskyi (Michael’s Flower)

Native to Northeastern Turkey, Fritillaria michailovskyi (Michael’s Flower) is a bulbous perennial that grows up to 8-10 in. tall (20-25 cm) in a beautiful display of nodding, broadly bell-shaped, deep purplish-brown flowers adorned with bright yellow tips.

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Fritillaria pallidiflora (Siberian Fritillary)

Award-winning Fritillaria pallidiflora (Siberian Fritillary) is a bulbous perennial boasting up to 5-6 nodding, pale buttery-yellow, bell-shaped flowers, 2.5 in. long (4 cm), usually faintly checkered brownish-red within.

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Fritillaria persica 'Adiyaman' (Persian Lily)

Taller and more free-flowering than the species, Fritillaria persica 'Adiyaman' is a vigorous bulbous perennial which grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm), in a beautiful display of racemes of pendent, bell-shaped, rich plum purple flowers. Blooming in mid to late spring, each stem may carry up to 30 flowers. This beautiful scenery is complimented by lanceolate, gray-green leaves.

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Fritillaria persica 'Ivory Bells' (Persian Lily)

Fritillaria persica 'Ivory Bells' grows up to 2-3 ft. tall (60-90 cm) in a beautiful display of racemes of greenish-white, pendent, bell-shaped flowers that delicately turn into a creamy ivory as they mature. This beautiful scenery is complimented by lanceolate, gray-green leaves.

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Fritillaria persica (Persian Lily)

Native to Turkey, Iran or Jordan, Fritillaria persica (Persian Lily) produces striking tall flower stalks bearing over 30 pendant bells, which range from plum purple to ivory in color.

Fritillaria pontica (European Fritillaria)

Award-winning Fritillaria pontica is a bulbous perennial with small clusters of pale lime-green, broadly bell-shaped flowers, often suffused brown. Blooming in mid to late spring, the charming flowers are complimented by lance-shaped, gray-green leaves. This Fritillaria species, which ranges from Bulgaria to the mountains of Turkey, is suitable for the rock garden or the very front of the border where it will have a chance to show off.

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Fritillaria raddeana

Native to central Asia, Fritillaria raddeana is a ravishing bulbous perennial boasting clusters of up to 20 widely conical, pendant, pale greenish-yellow flowers, topped by a crown of small leaves. They rise high at the end of an upright stem bearing lance-shaped leaves in whorls.

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Fritillaria sewerzowii

Native to the alpine areas of central Asia, Fritillaria sewerzowii is a charming bulbous perennial boasting a spike of up to 10 nodding, greenish-yellow to vivid purple flowers, up to 1.5 in. (3.5 cm) long, with widely flared mouths in mid to late spring.

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Fritillaria thunbergii (Thunberg Fritillary)

Naturalized in Japan and parts of China, Fritillaria thunbergii (Thunberg Fritillary) is a graceful bulbous perennial forming a clump of tall slender stems with whorls of narrow leaves. In mid to late spring, lax racemes of nodding, bell-shaped, creamy-yellow flowers, 1 in. long (2.5 cm), adorned with purple or purplish brown spots or squares are borne in the upper axils and stem tips.

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Fritillaria uva-vulpis (Fox's Grape Fritillary)

Native to the western Himalayas and Asia Minor, Fritillaria uva-vulpis (Fox's Grape Fritillary) is a bulbous perennial with dusty purple to dark mahogany, bell-shaped flowers, adorned with golden tips and interiors in mid to late spring.

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Fritillaria Varieties

The genus Fritillaria consists of almost 100 species. Only a limited number are being cultivated, but interest in this genus is very much on the rise. All of them exhibit bell-shaped flowers, generally hanging downwards from the top of upright stems which bear narrow leaves. Which one is for you?