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Polypodium - Ferns

Widely distributed throughout the world, Polypodium (Polypody) is a genus of terrestrial or epiphytic (growing in mosses on trees and logs) ferns with creeping rhizomes bearing simple or pinnate fronds at intervals. Evergreen or deciduous, polypodies are cultivated for their sculptural fronds and commonly used as ornamental plants for shady locations. Thriving in partial shade and fibrous, well-drained soils, they are suitable for wild gardens and woodlands. Polypodium have a bitter-sweet taste and are among the rather few ferns that are used in cooking.

 

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Pleopeltis polypodioides (Resurrection Fern)

Pleopeltis polypodioides (Resurrection Fern) is an evergreen fern with attractive lance-shaped fronds, 4-8 in. long (10-20 cm), once pinnately divided with 8-14 pairs of oblong pinnae (leaflets). The pinnae are densely scaled on the lower surface and smooth on the upper surface. The spores are clustered in rusty orange sori on the undersides of the fronds.

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Polypodium californicum (California Polypody)

A popular California native fern, Polypodium californicum (California Polypody) is a semi-evergreen fern with attractive leathery, lance-shaped, rich green fronds. Remaining lush and fresh-looking from fall to spring, California Polypody dies back to the ground in the dry season.

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Polypodium cambricum (Welsh Polypody)

Providing cheerful greenery throughout the winter, Polypodium cambricum (Welsh Polypody) is a semi-evergreen fern with attractive leathery, very broad, pinnatifid, deep green fronds. Remaining lush and fresh-looking from fall to spring, Welsh Polypody goes dormant in the summer.

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Polypodium glycyrrhiza (Licorice Fern)

Native of coastal regions from Alaska to California, Polypodium glycyrrhiza (Licorice Fern) is a semi-evergreen fern forming attractive mats of gracefully arching, triangular, dark green fronds, 10-12 in. long (25-30 cm). The leaves are only once pinnately divided, each leaflet with pointed tips and finely scalloped or toothed margins.

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Polypodium virginianum (Rock Polypody)

Polypodium virginianum (Rock Polypody) is an evergreen fern with attractive, thick textured, lance-shaped, bright green fronds, cut deeply on both sides of their central leaf rib. The spores line the backs of the fronds in rows of rusty orange clumps (sori). Remaining lush and fresh-looking throughout the season, Rock Polypody spreads by creeping rhizomes and colonizes at will on trees or rock formations that are coated with moss.

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Polypodium vulgare (Common Polypody)

Polypodium vulgare (Common Polypody) is an evergreen fern with attractive leathery, lance-shaped, bright green fronds, cut deeply on both sides of their central leaf rib.

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Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York Fern)

Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York Fern) is a soft, deciduous fern with fine-textured, pinnate-pinnatifid, ellipitical and tapering, light yellow-green fronds, 8-25 in. long (20-62 cm). They feature approximately 20 pinnae (leaflets) that are deeply cut into smaller, oblong and rounded subleaflets. The fertile fronds are larger and more upright than the sterile fronds, and produce a few small, circular sori near the margins of the pinnae.

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