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Plant Families / Ilex - Hollies


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Ilex - Hollies

Ilex (Holly) is a vast genus of more than 400 species of deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees. Grown for their handsome foliage, usually spiny and glossy, and their colorful berries, hollies are generally trouble free and easy to grow. They are ideal for woodland gardens, as specimens, as hedges, or in rock gardens, depending on the species. Almost all holly species are dioecious, therefore you will need to plant both males and females if you desire fruit.

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Ilex 'Red Beauty' (Holly)

Vigorous and well-branched, Ilex 'Red Beauty' is a compact, upright, evergreen shrub of pyramidal habit with excellent year round interest. When pollinated by a male blue holly, it produces a profusion of attractive bright red berries from fall into winter. Extremely showy, they enliven the winter landscape and attract birds. The shiny foliage of small, spiny leaves remains dark green throughout the winter. 'Red Beauty' is a female plant and needs a male pollinator to produce the attractive red berries, such as 'Blue Prince', 'Blue Boy' or 'Blue Stallion'

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Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' (English Holly)

Award-winning Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' (English Holly) is a large, bushy evergreen shrub with small, shiny, spiny leaves, both on the upper leaf surface and along the edges. Borne on rich purple twigs, the foliage is adorned with broad creamy-white edges.

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Ilex crenata 'Brass Buckle' (Japanese Holly)

Ilex crenata 'Brass Buckle' is a dwarf evergreen Japanese Holly with a shiny foliage of small, clear yellow, burn-resistant leaves, which retains its golden color all year long. This petite evergreen is perfectly suited to edging walks and borders, as a container plant, or as a striking accent in a rock garden.

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Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' (Japanese Holly)

A very distinctive holly, Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' is a slow growing, narrow, strongly columnar evergreen Japanese Holly with a shiny foliage of convex, dark green leaves, which holds all year. Small black fruits follow the tiny white flowers in late summer and fall. 'Sky Pencil' is a female cultivar which needs a male pollinator in order to produce fruit. Introduced by the US National Arboretum, its pencil-thin growth habit makes it perfect for small gardens.

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Ilex crenata 'Sky Pointer' (Japanese Holly)

Ilex crenata 'Sky Pointer' is a narrow, pyramidal evergreen Japanese Holly with a shiny foliage of fairly flat, dark green leaves, which holds all year. Vigorous, with a tight upright branching, it is perfect for formal gardens and provides an elegant, vertical accent in the landscape. Adds some architecture to decorative containers too.

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Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly)

Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly) is a slow growing, evergreen shrub or small tree with a shiny foliage of tiny, wavy-toothed, dark green leaves, ½ to 1¼ in. in length (1-3 cm). The smooth rounded leaves resemble those of boxwood. However, Japanese Holly is hardier and more disease resistant.

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Ilex crenata Patti O Box® (Japanese Holly)

Ilex crenata Patti O Box® is a narrow, columnar evergreen Japanese Holly with a shiny foliage of small, extremely dark green leaves, which holds all year. This petite evergreen of refined habit is perfect for small gardens and decorative containers where it provides an elegant, exclamation point.

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Ilex decidua (Possumhaw)

Ilex decidua (Possumhaw) is a large multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub of spreading, rounded habit with rich silver-gray, twiggy, horizontal branches bearing lustrous, oval, toothed, dark green leaves, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm). They turn purplish green to yellow in the fall, before shedding to the ground.

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Ilex glabra 'Shamrock' (Inkberry)

Ilex glabra 'Shamrock' (Inkberry) is an evergreen, stoloniferous shrub of compact, rounded habit with a slender foliage of thick, spineless, dark green leaves. In late spring to early summer, it produces abundant small greenish-white flowers that are followed by a profusion of dark blue-black berries in fall. Particularly attractive, they enliven the winter landscape and often persist through the winter unless eaten by birds. 'Shamrock' is a female plant and needs a male pollinator to produce the attractive blue berries. Its modest size makes it ideal for small gardens

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Ilex glabra Gem Box® (Inkberry)

Ilex glabra Gem Box® (Inkberry) is a dwarf, broadleaf evergreen of compact, rounded habit with a lush foliage of small, dainty, dark green leaves adorned with attractive red tips during the spring flush. It maintains good branching right to the ground so it never looks bare-legged. In spring, it produces inconspicuous small greenish-white flowers. Resembling boxwood, it is a good substitute as it is resistant to disease, pests, and winter burn. Highly adaptable, its modest size makes it ideal for small gardens or containers.

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Ilex glabra Strongbox® (Inkberry)

Ilex glabra Strongbox® (Inkberry) is an evergreen, stoloniferous shrub of compact, rounded habit with a lush foliage of thick, spineless, blue-green leaves. In spring, it produces inconspicuous small greenish-white flowers. Resembling boxwood, it is a good substitute as it is resistant to disease, pests, and winter burn. Highly adaptable, its modest size makes it ideal for small gardens.

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Ilex opaca (American Holly)

Beautifully shaped, Ilex opaca (American Holly) is an upright, evergreen tree of symmetrical, dense, pyramidal habit with stout, stiff branches bearing leathery, dark green leaves, 2-4 in. long (5-10 cm), adorned with spine-tipped teeth.

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Ilex verticillata 'Jim Dandy' (Winterberry)

Ilex verticillata 'Jim Dandy' (Winterberry) is a dwarf deciduous shrub of upright, rounded habit with elliptic, glossy, dark green leaves that turn purplish green to yellow in fall. This deciduous holly produces abundant small greenish-white flowers in early to mid-summer, making it a good pollinator for other winterberries. 'Jim Dandy' is a male plant that does not get fruit but will serve to pollinate female varieties such as 'Berry Heavy' or 'Red Sprite' to produce the attractive berries.

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Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' (Winterberry)

Native to the swampy areas of Eastern North America, Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite' (Winterberry) is a dwarf shrub with excellent year round interest. This deciduous holly produces abundant small greenish-white flowers in late spring or early summer that are followed by a profusion of bright red berries in fall and winter.

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Ilex verticillata 'Wildfire' (Winterberry)

Ilex verticillata 'Wildfire' (Winterberry) is a wonderful shrub with excellent year round interest. This deciduous holly produces abundant small, pure white flowers in late spring that are followed by a profusion of bright red berries in fall and winter. Extremely attractive, they enliven the winter landscape and often persist into early spring unless eaten by birds. The foliage consists in elliptic, toothed, glossy, dark green leaves. 'Wildfire' is a female plant and needs a male pollinator, such as 'Jim Dandy' to produce the attractive red berries. A wonderful holly to add color and interest to the winter landscape and attract wildlife

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