Plant Family / Narcissus - Daffodils

 

Daffodils classification, Daffodils types, Daffodils Groups, Narcissus classification, Narcissus types, Narcissus Groups, Narcissus Divisions, Daffodils Divisions, Daffodil varieties, Daffodil Types

Narcissus - Daffodils

The most popular companion of the tulip, Narcissus (Daffodils) are spring flowering bulbs mostly known as yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. However, Daffodils offer a wider range of flower shapes and colors that are absolutely fabulous when combined with other spring bulbs. Planted in the fall, they produce white, cream, pink, orange or red flowers year after year, that will bloom from late March to early May, depending on the weather conditions and cultivars. The genus Narcissus includes dozens of species, hybrids, varieties and forms. Among the favorites are Jonquils and their fragrant yellow blossoms, Paper Whites and their powerfully fragrant creamy blooms, and the large flowered Daffodil varieties.


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Narcissus - Daffodils Guides


Cyclamineus Narcissus Group

Elegant and graceful, the Cyclamineus or Miniature Daffodils feature small flowers, one per stem, with slightly to strongly swept-back petals and straight-sided trumpets. Sometimes, they resemble cyclamen, therefore the name of their group. Among the first hybrid daffodils to bloom, they can be admired from early to mid spring and sometimes later in the season, depending on cultivars and weather conditions. More shade tolerant than most daffodil varieties, these Miniature Daffodils naturalize easily. Great choices for rock gardens, containers and forcing.

Daffodil Types

Easy to plant, Daffodils are extraordinarily rewarding every spring with their bright cheery blossoms warming our soul from the previous winter months. Long lived, they naturalize and multiply year after year and offer a wide range of flower shapes and colors to pick from. Versatile, they are perfect for beds and borders, rock gardens, containers or window boxes. They also make gardening easy. Once planted, there is nothing left to do: these bulbs can stay right where they are and produce flowers year after year. As an added, most are fragrant and all are deer and rodent resistant.

Double Narcissus Group

Incredibly romantic and beautiful, Double Daffodils resemble peonies or carnations more than classic daffodils with their packed rows of petals and all their frills. This group includes either daffodils with a doubled trumpet or daffodils with a double row of petals or even both. Many cultivars are sweetly fragrant. They usually bear one flower per stem, but occasionally may have more. Flower colors range from yellow, white to peach, pink or red and these lovely blossoms are usually expected in mid to late spring. Double Daffodils work especially well under flowering trees and shrubs.

Jonquilla Narcissus Group

Loved since the 17th century, Jonquil Daffodils produce small flowers, 3 or more per stem, with short, wide petals held at right angles to cups. The cup of these daffodils is not that large: usually half the length of the petals. Strongly fragrant, their foliage is often rush like. Blooming in mid-late spring, they are excellent for naturalizing and prefer sunny locations, warm soils and humid conditions. Their heady fragrance has seduced many generations of gardeners.

Large-Cupped Narcissus Group

The Large-Cupped Narcissus group is one of the most popular group of daffodils. Why? Several reasons account for their popularity. First, they offer a wide range of colors (white, yellow, pink, peach or red) and cup shapes: flat, ruffled or trumpet-like. Adding unique charm and symmetry to the garden or containers, they typically produce large flowers, one bloom per stem, in mid spring. Importantly, they are good for naturalizing and are reliably perennial, multiplying year after year.

Narcissi (Daffodils)

The most popular companion of the tulip, daffodils are spring flowering bulbs mostly known as yellow trumpet-shaped flowers. However, daffodils (Narcissus) offer a wider range of flower shapes and colors that are absolutely fabulous when combined with other spring bulbs. Long lived, they naturalize and multiply year after year. Versatile, they are perfect for beds and borders, rock gardens, containers or window boxes. They also make gardening easy. Once planted, there is nothing left to do: these bulbs can stay right where they are and produce flowers year after year. As an added, most are fragrant and all are deer and rodent resistant.

Narcissus 'Accent' (Large-Cupped Daffodil)

Sun-proof, award-winner Narcissus 'Accent' is an elegant and prolific daffodil boasting star-shaped flowers, 4 in. across (10 cm), adorned with slightly reflexed, ivory-white petals and a contrasting, frilled funnel-shaped cup of deep salmon pink. Blooming in mid to late spring, this Large-Cupped Daffodil is a vigorous grower that is regarded as one of the best landscape pink daffodils. Excellent as cut flowers!

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Narcissus 'Actaea' (poeticus Daffodil)

Fragrant, multiple award-winner Narcissus 'Actaea' displays elegant, pure white flowers, up to 3 in. wide (8 cm), adorned with six wide petals and tiny, red-rimmed, golden-yellow cups. Blooming in mid to late spring, one flower per stem, the blossoms rise atop a clump of narrow, strap-shaped leaves. Great in the sunny border, this daffodil performs better in wet, poorly drained areas than most daffodils. Because of its sweet scent, it makes excellent cut flowers.

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Narcissus 'Ariel' (Tazetta Daffodil)

Narcissus 'Ariel' (Tazetta Daffodil) is a very fragrant Paperwhite daffodil with clusters of large, pure white flowers, 2 in. across (5 cm), slightly facing down and adorned with a flat cup. It is not winter hardy, but is perfect for producing flowers in a short period of time when grown indoors and adds beauty inside the house during an otherwise drab time of year.

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Narcissus 'Avalanche' (Tazetta Daffodil)

Strongly fragrant and vigorous, award-winner Narcissus 'Avalanche' bears showy clusters of up to 10-20 small flowers with white petals and bowl-shaped, brilliant greenish-yellow cups in mid spring. Creating an entire bouquet by itself, it used to be called Daffodil 'Seventeen Sisters' in the 1700s as a reflection of its profuse flowering. Because of its strong stem and sweet scent, this heirloom Tazetta Daffodil makes excellent cut flowers. Ideal for warmer climates, it is a great naturalizer and perfect for indoor forcing.

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Narcissus 'Baby Boomer' (Jonquil Daffodil)

Sweetly scented, Narcissus 'Baby Boomer' is a miniature daffodil boasting up to 6-8 small, golden-yellow flowers per stem, 1.5 in. across (3.5 cm) in mid spring, each adorned with a small, orange-yellow cup. Borne atop the foliage of grass-like leaves, the luminous blossoms are a marvel to have in the garden or containers.

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Narcissus 'Baby Moon' (Jonquil Daffodil)

Charming and very fragrant, Narcissus 'Baby Moon' is a sweetly scented miniature daffodil boasting up to 3-5 small, golden-yellow flowers per stem in late spring. Borne atop the foliage of grass-like leaves, the luminous blossoms are a marvel to have in the garden or containers. One of the latest daffodils to flower, 'Baby Moon' is ideal for warmer climates.

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Narcissus 'Barrett Browning' (Small-Cupped Daffodil)

Popular since its introduction in 1945, award-winning Narcissus 'Barrett Browning' is an exquisite daffodil with large flowers, 4 in. across (9 cm), exhibiting a showy orange-scarlet cup, slightly frilled at the rim, and glistening white, overlapping petals. Blooming in mid spring, one flower per stem, this Small-Cupped Daffodil is a good naturalizer and a terrific addition to beds, borders or containers. Excellent in fresh flower bouquets too.

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Narcissus 'Bell Song' (Jonquil Daffodil)

Very free-flowering, award-winning Narcissus 'Bell Song' is a strongly scented daffodil featuring clusters of 2-3 flowers per stem, 2.5 in. across (6.5 cm), elegantly combining ivory-white petals and an apricot-pink cup. Blooming in mid to late spring, this Jonquil Daffodil tolerates heat and sun without fading. A great choice for large containers

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Narcissus 'Bridal Crown' (Double Daffodil)

Multiple award-winning 'Bridal Crown' is sweetly scented and incredibly good-looking. It features long-lasting double flowers with multiple creamy-white petals interspersed with saffron-yellow cup segments. The flowers cluster together at the top of the stems and appear in mid-late spring. Such a beautiful sight! This Daffodil makes a beautiful cut flower and can be forced indoors for winter bloom.

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Narcissus 'Canaliculatus' (Tazetta Daffodil)

A very charming heirloom daffodil, Narcissus 'Canaliculatus' produces 4-7 small scented flowers per stem, each adorned with a small yellow cup and slightly reflexed, white petals. Blooming in mid-spring, this miniature daffodil is perfect for border fronts, rock gardens and containers where its cheerful blossoms will sing out that spring is back. Popular since its introduction in 1915, it is best planted in warmer climates.

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Narcissus 'Carlton' (Large-Cupped Daffodil)

Rich of a strong vanilla scent, multiple award-winning Narcissus 'Carlton' is an exquisite, solid golden-yellow daffodil featuring very large flowers, 5 in. across (12 cm), adorned with wide, gracefully frilled cups and broad, overlapping petals. Blooming in mid spring, this highly popular Large-Cupped Daffodil is a strong performer of immense vigor, and one of the best perennializers. It is famously reliable for large scale plantings.

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Narcissus 'Cheerfulness' (Double Daffodil)

Very fragrant, multiple award-winner Narcissus 'Cheerfulness' boasts long-lasting, double flowers, 2.5 in. across (6 cm), with multiple creamy-white petals interspersed with yellow flecks at the center. The flowers, 3-6 per stem, cluster together at the top of the stems and appear in mid or late spring. Reliably perennial, you can't help but smile when looking at this daffodil!

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Narcissus 'Cotinga' (Cyclamineus Daffodil)

Quite elegant, Narcissus 'Cotinga' is a perennial bulb with charming flowers adorned with back-swept ivory-white petals and a long, apricot pink trumpet. Blooming in early to mid spring, this small but sturdy daffodil is an excellent choice for the fronts of borders or containers. Pair this pretty cyclamineus daffodil with hyacinths, crocuses, and early tulips.

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Narcissus 'Cragford' (Tazetta Daffodil)

Delightfully fragrant, multiple award-winning Narcissus 'Cragford' displays clusters of 4-6 white rounded flowers adorned with vivid orange cups in mid spring. Because of its strong stem and sweet scent, this heirloom Tazetta Daffodil makes excellent cut flowers. Ideal for warmer climates, it is a great naturalizer and perfect for indoor forcing.

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Narcissus 'Delnashaugh' (Double Daffodil)

ncredibly pretty, Narcissus 'Delnashaugh' produces fully double flowers, 4 in. across (10 cm), with rounded creamy white petals surrounding a center packed with short, ruffled apricot-pink segments. Borne on sturdy stems, the ravishing flowers, one or multiple per stem, appear in mid or late spring. This Daffodil makes a beautiful cut flower.

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Narcissus 'Dutch Master' (Trumpet Daffodil)

Introduced in 1938, multiple award-winning Narcissus 'Dutch Master’ has become the standard for large yellow daffodils. Lightly fragrant, it boasts very large, showy golden-yellow flowers, 4 in. across (11 cm), in mid spring. Noted for its great vigor and superior performance, it has become a strong substitute for the most recognized, heirloom daffodil, King Alfred. Great for naturalizing. Comes back year after year to bring its cheerful color and put a smile on your face!

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Narcissus 'Erlicheer' (Double Daffodil)

Delightfully fragrant and resembling a gardenia, Narcissus 'Erlicheer' is a highly romantic daffodil featuring double flowers in early-mid spring with pure white petals and ivory centers, revealing a hint of yellow. This Daffodil can bear clusters of 6-8 flowers per stem. Totally irresistible! This Daffodil makes a beautiful cut flower and can be forced indoors for winter bloom.

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Narcissus 'Falconet' (Tazetta Daffodil)

Brightly colored and strongly fragrant, award-winner Narcissus 'Falconet' cheerfully displays clusters of golden flowers, up to 3-8 of them per stem, with small, bright orange cups in mid spring

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