Alphabetical Plant Listing

Plant Families / Pinus - Pines


Refine By

thumb grid img

Pinus - Pines

Pinus can be small shrubs or large, evergreen trees and are easily distinguished from other conifers with their long needles, which grow in bundles of 2, 3 or 5. Native to most of the Northern Hemisphere, they are long-lived and very ornamental with their soft needles, their showy cones which may fall or remain on the tree for years. Even their bark is particularly attractive, either thick and scaly or thin and flaking. Pines make outstanding contributions gardens of all sizes. Some are ideal for rockeries or even containers, others make magnificent specimens. All are easy to grow as long as the soil is well-drained.

Compare All Pinus - Pines

Great Plant Combination Ideas with Pinus - Pines

Pinus - Pines Guides


Filters

Season of Interest
Exposure
Hardiness
Tolerance
Attracts
Plant-Characteristics
Average-Height
Average-Spread
Soil-Type
Soil-Drainage
Soil-pH
article image

Pinus albicaulis (Whitebark Pine)

Slow-growing, Pinus albicaulis (Whitebark Pine) is a medium to tall evergreen conifer adorned with an irregular sprawling crown and spreading to ascending branches. The trunk can be straight or contorted and twisted by the wind and harsh growing conditions. The sweet smelling foliage of upcurved, dark yellow-green needles, up to 3 in. long (8 cm), is presented in small bouquets of 5 at the ends of the twigs.

Read More
article image

Pinus banksiana (Jack Pine)

Noted for its hardiness and ability to grow in poor soils, Pinus banksiana (Jack Pine) is usually a small to medium sized, evergreen conifer of scrubby habit, adorned with a crooked trunk and an irregular crown. Its thick, twisted, slightly olive green needles are borne in pairs. Curved at the tip, the cones are light brown, turning gray with age, and can remain on the plants for many years and never open since sealed with resin.

Read More
article image

Pinus bungeana (Lacebark Pine)

Noted for its very distinctive mottled bark, Pinus bungeana (Lacebark Pine) is a slow-growing evergreen conifer of pyramidal habit when young, often multi-stemmed, becoming flat-topped and rounded over time. Incredibly beautiful, its smooth gray-green bark flakes away to reveal a rich patchwork of creamy-white, red, purple, brown and green. It eventually becomes silvery white at maturity.

Read More
article image

Pinus contorta 'Chief Joseph' (Shore Pine)

Noted for its stunning winter foliage, Pinus contorta 'Chief Joseph' (Shore Pine) is a dwarf evergreen conifer of irregular, upright habit. Light yellow-green in spring and summer, its needles warm up to brilliant gold in the fall and winter months as temperatures drop - when most color fades from the garden. Slow-growing, 6-8 in. per year (15-20 cm), it is a terrific accent specimen adding brightness in the dull winter landscape.

Read More
article image

Pinus contorta (Shore Pine)

Pinus contorta (Shore Pine) is a medium to large, conical or domed, intricately branched, evergreen conifer. In coastal plantings, it is often sculpted by the wind and quite picturesque. Stiff and often twisted, the yellow-green to dark green needles, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), are borne in pairs and persist 3 to 8 years on the tree. The conical to ovoid seed cones, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), are lustrous tan to pale red-brown and may never open since sealed with resin.

Read More
article image

Pinus contorta var. latifolia (Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine)

Pinus contorta var. latifolia (Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine) is a tall evergreen conifer of columnar habit with a long trunk and cone-shaped crown. Stiff and often twisted, yellow-green to dark green needles, 2-3 in. long (5-7 cm), are borne in pairs and persist 4 to 8 years on the tree. The small egg-shaped seed cones, up to 2 in. long (5 cm), are lustrous tan to pale red-brown and may never open since sealed with resin.

Read More
article image

Pinus densiflora 'Low Glow' (Japanese Red Pine)

Pinus densiflora 'Low Glow' (Japanese Red Pine) is a small evergreen coniferous shrub forming a flat, dense globe covered with short, vibrant green needles. Slow-growing, 1-2 in. per year (2-5 cm), this miniature conifer is a perfect for lighting up the mixed border or the rock garden.

Read More
article image

Pinus densiflora (Japanese Red Pine)

Highly popular in Japan, Pinus densiflora (Japanese Red Pine) is a remarkable evergreen coniferous tree of straight to gracefully contorted habit with rather horizontal branches and a domed crown. The foliage of soft, light green needles is presented in small, upright bouquets at the ends of the twigs. A very picturesque pine that makes a terrific specimen tree. Popular as a bonsai plant and in Asian gardens.

Read More
article image

Pinus flexilis (Limber Pine)

Standing out in the landscape, Pinus flexilis (Limber Pine) is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming more open, flat-topped and picturesque with age. It is often multi-stemmed with a straight to contorted trunk and forked, upswept branches. The slightly curved or twisted, rich blue-green needles, up to 3 in. long (7 cm), are presented in bundles of five and tend to be clustered at the tips of the branches, persisting for five to six years.

Read More
article image

Pinus heldreichii 'Compact Gem' (Bosnian Pine)

Popular since its introduction in 1964, Pinus heldreichii 'Compact Gem' (Bosnian Pine) is a compact evergreen conifer of dense, rounded to conical habit, adorned with a lush foliage of long, lustrous, deep green needles. Slow-growing, 6-10 in. per year (15-25 cm), this Bosnian Pine enjoys excellent disease and pest resistance and is a very pretty addition to the sunny garden, even the smallest of gardens

Read More
article image

Pinus heldreichii 'Malink' (Bosnian Pine)

Pinus heldreichii 'Malink' (Bosnian Pine) is a densely branched evergreen conifer of conical habit adorned with a lush foliage of lustrous, stiff, upright, rich green needles. Egg-shaped cones appear at an early age, in groups of 2 or 3, blue at first then turning purplish-brown. Slow-growing, 6-10 in. per year (15-25 cm), handsome, compact and resistant to harsh conditions, it is a lovely choice for the sunny garden.

Read More
article image

Pinus heldreichii 'Smidtii' (Bosnian Pine)

Pinus heldreichii 'Smidtii' (Bosnian Pine) is a dwarf evergreen conifer of compact, globose habit when young, eventually becoming conical. Densely branched, its sharp, rigid, rich green needles are upward facing. This is an extremely slow-growing pine, 1 in. per year (2.5 cm). A very appealing addition to small gardens, rock gardens or containers.

Read More
article image

Pinus lambertiana (Sugar Pine)

The tallest and largest pine tree, Pinus lambertiana (Sugar Pine) is an evergreen coniferous tree of narrow pyramidal habit in youth with a straight trunk free of branches much of its length and rather spreading and pendulous branches. With age, it becomes flat-topped with a wide spreading crown. Its dark blue-green needles, up to 4 in. long (10 cm), are presented in bundles of five. Sugar Pine is notable for having the longest seed cones of any conifer, mostly 10 to 20 inches (25–50 cm) long.

Read More
article image

Pinus mugo 'Carstens' (Dwarf Mountain Pine)

Regarded as one of the best of the 'winter gold' pines, Pinus mugo 'Carstens' is a slow-growing dwarf evergreen Mountain Pine of great beauty. It forms a dense, cushion-shaped mound with short, medium green needles in the spring and summer, warming up to rich golden yellow in the winter.

Read More
article image

Pinus mugo 'Gnom' (Dwarf Mountain Pine)

Pinus mugo 'Gnom' is a slow-growing dwarf evergreen Mountain Pine which adds charm and exoticism to the garden. It forms a tight, globular mound with a dense foliage of deep jade-green needles. A very appealing addition for small gardens.

Read More

Refine By

Find your Hardiness Zone

Find your Climate Zone

Find your Heat Zone

Join Gardenia.net

Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device.

Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas.

Join now and start creating your dream garden!

Create a New Collection

Optional. For your reference.


Move Selected Plants to a Different Collection


Delete Collection

This field is required.